I.A. Richards, Complementarities

  • This material is held at
  • Reference
      GB 133 CPA/1/2/1/40
  • Former Reference
      GB 133 Sequence 2, Box 18 [70]
  • Dates of Creation
      n.d. [ca 1975]
  • Physical Description
      279 sheets  sheet 118 has a section torn from it, although no text is missing.

Scope and Content

Book file containing the manuscript of an early version of I.A. Richards's Complementarities: uncollected essays, edited by John Paul Russo (Manchester: Carcanet New Press, 1977). The book was first published in America by Harvard University Press in 1976, and Carcanet bought bound and sewn sheets of this published version from Harvard for the British market. Russo's correspondence file (at CPA/2/2/102) implies that the manuscript in this book file is an early version which was sent to Schmidt in 1975. Schmidt subsequently xeroxed this twice and sent copies to Russo and to Harvard for them to use as copy. He explained to Russo that he liked to keep original manuscripts for the Carcanet archive, and this is presumably the archived version. It consists of Richards's essays in photocopied form - either from published sources or typescripts. Original typescript notes have been inserted, although these differ from the notes which appeared in the published version of the book. Includes a typescript introduction to the book by Russo which differs from the introduction which was published. Russo also supplies a typescript contents list, which differs slightly from the subsequent published version. Richards's essays lack the introductory paragraphs he later supplied for them. All the essays which appeared in the published version are included, apart from 'Lawrence as a Poet', 'Literature, Oral-Aural and Optical', 'Jesus' Other Life', 'Beauty and Truth' and 'The Conduct of Verse'. Includes one additional essay which did not appear in the subsequent volume: 'Design and Control in Language Training'. Russo's contents list also implies that the earlier version contained an essay called 'Sentimentality' which is not included here.


The material includes various different numbering systems and some sections with no page numbering. The archivist has added running numbers at the top left of each sheet, to distinguish them from any original numbering sequences.