Mrs Dixon's campaign in India

Scope and Content

Correspondence and publications regarding Mrs Katherine Dixon's visit to India as a representative of the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene. From 1917 to early 1919 Mrs Dixon toured India giving talks and campaigned against tolerated brothels in cantonments and municipalities. She also visited Burma and Singapore during this period.

The file also includes papers relating to her proposals of 1914 (often referred to as 'Mrs Dixon's scheme'): a) that 'hospitals staffed by medical women subsidised by Government but apart from military control should be available for all women living in cantonments, whether suffering from venereal or other maladies'; b) that refugees should be established for women wishing to exit prostitution; c) that police women or other female officials should be employed in cantonments to deal exclusively with offences committed by women.


- papers relating to Katherine Dixon's proposals, including 'report of an interview with Mrs Dixon', 17 Jul 1914, 'Suggestions and questions about Prostitutes in Cantonments' (produced by the Association to further their research) and 'Memorandum on Mrs Dixon's scheme', 4 Sep 1914; also includes Dr Helen Wilson's annotated minutes of the Special Sub-Committee for Conference on India and Cantonments, 9 Oct [1914] at which the Association's action to support the scheme was discussed

- correspondence with Sir Henry EE Procter and Lady DuBoulay (wife of the Viceroy's Private Secretary), 1914-1915, showing lack of support for Mrs Dixon's scheme

- correspondence with Alison Neilans and other members of the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene from Katherine Dixon regarding her tour of India, 1918; includes reports sent by Mrs Dixon about conditions in cantonments, copies of lectures she gave and copies of her correspondence with others

- correspondence between the Association and government officials in India regarding the proposals, 1914-1918

- correspondence between Katherine Dixon and the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene, 1917, re petitions to the government of India

- correspondence between the India Office and Committee re new legislation enforcing the closure of brothels, 1918

- correspondence to Dr Helen Wilson from Rangoon, Burma, Feb 1919

- correspondence between Rev T Dixon and Alison Neilans re money owing to the Committee after Mrs Dixon's return from India, 1919

- correspondence and reports re sending a representative to India, 1919-1920

- list of contacts in India with whom the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene were in close co-operation, 1925


- 'Child welfare versus commercialized vice' Ajmer : Scottish Mission Industries

- pamphlet 'Five Lectures given in Murree in Jun and Jul 1917' by Katherine Dixon, 1917

- pamphlet 'Fourth Report of the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene, 1918

For the following publications consult The Women's Library printed collections catalogue:

- 'An appeal to the women of the Empire concerning present moral conditions in our cantonments in India ... : being an address given to the Women's Indian Study Council in November, 1915 / by the Wife of a Chaplain in India' [i.e. Katherine Dixon] (ref 305.420941 JOS)

- pamphlet 'Tolerated Brothels in the British Empire'. London: Association for Moral and Social Hygiene, Oct 1919 ( ref 305.420941 JOS)