This collection contains correspondence, campaign material such as canvassing leaflets and other Labour Party publications relating to the general election of 1979. U DX141/1 includes correspondence, press statements and other papers relating to Howard Elcock's campaign as Labour Candidate for the Haltemprice constituency. U DX141/2-3 contain general Labour Party publications, including Today magazine and copies of the Campaign Handbook Update.
General Election Campaign Papers of Howard J. Elcock
- This material is held at
- ReferenceGB 50 U DX141
- Dates of Creation1979
- Language of MaterialEnglish
- Physical Description1 file and 31 items
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
The general election of 1979 took place on 3 May. The Conservative Party, led by Margaret Thatcher, won a parliamentary majority of 44 seats, easily removing the sitting Labour government, led by James Callaghan. It was the first of four consecutive election victories for the Tories and meant that Thatcher became the first female head of government of the UK and in Europe.
The election of 1974 had been won by Labour, led by Harold Wilson, with a slim majority of three seats. After 18 months, Wilson resigned and was succeeded by James Callaghan as Prime Minister and leader of the Labour Party. Within a year of Callaghan's succession, Labour's parliamentary majority had disappeared and he was forced to make agreements with four other parties to remain in government. A vote of no confidence was finally passed against Callaghan's government when the Scottish Nationalists withdrew their support, and a general election was called.
The Labour Party's 1979 campaign focused on support for the National Health Service and full employment but was hurt by the strikes of the Winter of Discontent (1978-1979). On the other hand, the Conservatives promised to curb inflation and reduce the might of the trade unions. The Liberals, suffering from the impact created by criminal allegations against their former leader Jeremy Thorpe, were now led by David Steel. All three main parties were, therefore, entering the election with new leaders.
The Conservative Party won with a 5.2% swing of the vote from Labour, the largest swing since the election of 1945. In 1980, Callaghan was replaced as Labour leader by Michael Foot.
Howard J. Elcock was born on 6 June 1942 and was educated at the Priory School for Boys in Shrewsbury before graduating from Oxford in 1964. He became a Politics lecturer at the University of Hull in 1966 and stayed at the University until 1981.
Elcock was a member of Humberside County Council between 1973 and 1981, acting as Planning Committee Chairman between 1975 and 1977, and campaigned unsuccessfully against the Tory incumbent Sir Patrick Wall as Labour candidate for the Haltemprice constituency in the General Election of 1979. In 1981 he became Head of the School of Government at Newcastle Polytechnic, later Northumbria University. He retired in 1997 but as a Professor (Emeritus), continues to be an energetic researcher and writer. He has written numerous books and articles including Local Government, Change and Decay?: Public Administration in the 1990s and Political Leadership. Previously Chairman, Elcock is currently Vice-Chairman of the Campaign to Protect Rural England's North-East Regional Group. He has also been a Labour Party member since 1965.
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Donated by Howard Elcock, July 1980 [U DX141/1-3]