Various skeletal remains, Cirencester, Gloucestershire

Scope and Content

35 black and white photographs of skeletal remains from Cirencester excavations. Photographs by Hallam Ashley. Reproduced in 'Ninth interim report on Cirencester excavations' by Alan McWhirr in 'The Antiquaries Journal' 53 pages 199 - 200.

Details:

1. Inhumation 36 - 'labelled inhumation 30' Description: Cranium with gummatous lesion on the endocranial surface of the left parietal (possibly treponemal) Overall classification: Infection (specific)

2. Inhumation 39 Description: Cranium with healed / healing blunt force trauma Overall classification: Trauma (intentional or accidental)

3. Inhumation 174 Description: Ankylosed knee joint Overall classification: Infection (non-specific) / Trauma

4. Inhumation 92 Description: Femur with bony callus possibly healed trauma Overall classification: trauma (possibly activity-related)

5. Inhumation 61 Description: Deformation (healed trauma) and ankylosis of distal tibia and fibula Overall classification: Trauma (accidental)

6. Inhumation 58 Description: Spine with kyphosis probably due to compression fracture / or possibly erosion to Thoracic (vertebral body) Overall classification: Trauma (intentional or accidental)

7. Inhumation 57 Description: Osteochondritis dissecans on the femoral condyle Overall classification: Circulatory

8. Inhumation 55 Description: Image detail unclear. Sacrum with osteophytosis Overall classification: Degenerative joint disease

9. Inhumation 28 Description: Long bone with Sequestrum (detail not clear) and inflammatory changes associated with osteomyelitis Overall classification: Infection (non-specific)

10. Inhumation 92 Description: Superior view of cranium with healed / healing sharp force trauma to the frontal bone Overall classification: trauma (intentional)

11. Inhumation 20 Description: Exostosis of the left ulna Overall classification: Miscellaneous (skeletal)

12. Inhumation 14 Description: Healed avulsion fracture to the femur Overall classification: Trauma (activity-related)

13. Inhumation 14 Description: Exostosis on the lateral femoral condyle Overall classification: Miscellaneous (skeletal)

14. Inhumation 7 & 55 Description: Radius, tibia and humerus with gnaw marks Overall classification: Burial or taphonomic

15. Inhumation R Description: Atlas and axis vertebrae with sharp force trauma indicative of decapitation Overall classification: trauma (intentional)

16. Inhumation 5 Description: Two ankylosed lumbar vertebrae Overall classification: Trauma (accidental) / Infection (specific)

17. Inhumation V Description: Distal ulna with bony callus (probable healed trauma) and exostosis Overall classification: Trauma ( accidental)

18-21. Inhumation 44, 171, 146, & 199 Description: Assorted images of exostosis Overall classification: Circulatory

22. Inhumation 183 Description: Ankylosed (but broken) distal tibia and fibula probably related to infection of the overlaying soft tissue Overall classification: Infection (non-specific)

23 & 24. Duplicates. Inhumation 42 Description: Ankylosed ankle joint Overall classification: Infection / Trauma / Degenerative

25. Inhumation 101 Description: Superior view of cranium with healed / healing trauma to the left parietal Overall classification: Trauma

26. Inhumation 46 Description: Osteochondritis dissecans: Lateral femoral condyle Overall classification: Circulatory

27. Inhumation 183 Description: Ankylosed (but broken post-mortem) distal tibia and fibula probably related to infection of the overlaying soft tissue Overall classification: Infection (non-specific)

28 & 29. Duplicates. Inhumation 42 Description: Ankylosed ankle joint Overall classification: Infection / Trauma / Degenerative

30. Inhumation 101 Description: Superior view of cranium with healed / healing trauma to the left parietal Overall classification: Circulatory

31. Inhumation 53 Description: Left humerus with possible healed trauma to the diaphysis, or pronounced deltoid muscle (detail unclear) Overall classification: Trauma / Miscellaneous (skeletal)

32. Inhumation 183 Description: Ankylosed (but broken) distal tibia and fibula probably related to infection of the overlaying soft tissue Overall classification: Infection (non-specific

33 & 34. Duplicates. Inhumation 42 Description: Ankylosed ankle joint Overall classification: Infection / Trauma / Degenerative

35. Inhumation 101 Description: Superior view of cranium with healed / healing trauma to the left parietal Overall classification: Circulatory

36. Inhumation 107 Description: osteoarthritis of the rib facet Overall classification: Degenerative joint disease

37- 39. Inhumation 9 & 53 Description: Severe osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint. ' dislocation of the shoulder' Overall classification: Infection (non-specific)