BIDDULPH, Gen Sir Robert (1835-1918)

Scope and Content

Copy of single letter from Biddulph to a Mr Fanshawe, 13 Jun 1904, commenting on recent administrative changes at the War Office, in comparison with reforms to the British Army proposed by Edward Cardwell, Viscount Cardwell, Secretary of State for War, 1868-1874.

Administrative / Biographical History

Born 1835; educated at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich; commissioned into the Royal Artillery, 1853; served in the Crimean War, 1854-1856, and was present at the Battle of the Alma, the Battle of Balaclava and the siege of Sebastopol; service in the Indian Mutiny Campaign, 1857-1859; Capt, 1860; Second China War, 1860; Maj, 1861; Lt Col, 1864; Assistant Boundary Commissioner for Reform Act, 1867; private secretary to Rt Hon Edward Cardwell, Secretary of State for War, 1871-1873; Col, 1872; Assistant Adjutant General, War Office, 1873-1878; awarded CB, 1877; HM Commissioner, Constantinople, 1879; High Commissioner and Commander-in-Chief, Cyprus, 1879-1886; created KCMG, 1880; Maj Gen, 1883; appointed GCMG, 1886; Inspector General of Recruiting, 1886-1888; Lt Gen, 1887; Director General of Military Education, 1888-1893; Gen, 1892; Quartermaster General to the Forces, 1893; Governor and Commander-in-Chief, Gibraltar, 1893-1900; created KCB, 1896; appointed GCB, 1899; retired, 1902; Army Purchase Commissioner, 1904; Master Gunner of St James's Park, 1914; died 1918. Publications: Lord Cardwell at the War Office. A history of his administration, 1868-1874 (John Murray, London, 1904).


single item

Access Information

Open, subject to signature of reader's undertaking form.

Acquisition Information

Copy presented to the Centre by David Trim, Librarian, Newbold College Library, Bracknell, Berkshire, 1997.

Other Finding Aids

Summary guide on-line at, and in hard copy in the Centre's reading room.

Alternative Form Available

Copy held by the Royal Artillery Institution, Woolwich, London.

Separated Material

Correspondence and papers, 1850-1920, are held by the Royal Artillery Institution, Woolwich (Ref: MD/1120). The Department of Western Manuscripts, Bodleian Library, Oxford University, contain Biddulph's letters to John Wodehouse, 1st Earl of Kimberley, 1873-1882 (Ref: MSS Eng a 2013-14, b 2047-49, c 3933-4514, d 2439-92, e 2790-97). Biddulph's correspondence with Sir Austen Henry Layard, 1879-1880, is held by Manuscript Collections, British Library, London (Ref: Add MSS 39026-34, 39133-34 passim).

Conditions Governing Use

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Trustees of the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, attention of the Director of Archive Services.