The collection comprises of letters to Antarctic explorers and their families regarding various polar expeditions.
Leonard Darwin collection
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- ReferenceGB 15 Leonard Darwin
- Dates of Creation1909-1931
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish.
- Physical DescriptionCorrespondence
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
Leonard Darwin was born on 15 January 1850, fourth son of the naturalist Charles Darwin. He joined the Royal Engineers as a soldier in 1871 and became a Major in 1890, teaching at the School of Military Engineering at Chatham from 1877 to 1882. Being interested in various branches of science, he had been commissioned to carry out astronomical observations on the Transit of Venus expeditions of 1874 and 1882, and also to observe solar eclipses in distant countries. Darwin went on to serve in the Ministry of War, Intelligence Division, from 1885 to 1890. He later became a liberal-unionist Member of Parliament for the town of Lichfield in Staffordshire from 1892 to 1895.
In 1894, Darwin became Honorary Secretary of the Royal Geographical Society, a post he held for fifteen years. He went on to serve as President of the Society between 1908 and 1911. He married twice but had no children. He died in 1943.
The correspondence is arranged alphabetically by recipient.
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Anyone wishing to consult material should ensure they note the entire MS reference and the name of the originator.
Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to about Darwin and The Record of the Royal Geographical Society 1830-1930 by Hugh Robert Mill, Royal Geographical Society, London (1930) SPRI Library Shelf 061.2[GB Royal Geographical Society] and Robert Keith Headland Antarctic Chronology, unpublished corrected revision of Chronological list of Antarctic expeditions and related historical events,(1 December 2001) Cambridge University Press (1989) ISBN 0521309034
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue. Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
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