Kostamneh: 'The Fortress opposite Kostamneh'

Scope and Content

Image of the Fortress near Kostamneh. Several excavation trenches can be seen around the site, including some in process of excavation. The River Nile can be seen in the background. 'L.1.2' and 'T311' are written on the negative. Handwritten note with negative states 'T311 The fortress opposite Kostamneh, excavations at Hierakonpolis, at Esna or in Nubia'. Album print marked 'K06 402', 'T311 (1.F2)' and 'L.1.2'.

Physical Characteristics and/or Technical Requirements

Negative shows signs of light damage including silvering.

Conditions Governing Use

Garstang's copyright expires in 2026 (70 years after his death). The copyright of the digital images lie with the University of Liverpool.

Related Material

A print of the negative can be found in JG/K/1/2, photo 5. Photograph published in Garstang’s Mar 1906 excavation report from Esna, (JG/4/1), labelled ‘Fortress of Kostamneh, Nubia from W 406’.


Published in Garstang ‘Excavations at Hierakonpolis, at Esna, and in Nubia’ (1906), Annales du service des Antiquités de L’Égypte, Vol.VIII, pl. X, entitled ‘The fortress oppersite Kostamneh, Nubia’.

Geographical Names