This collection consists of the papers of the Strauss family, German speaking Jews from Prague, most of whom managed to flee Nazi persecution. Shortly after the occupation of Czechoslovakia Julius Strauss obtained travel permits for his two younger children to emigrate to England. Julius Strauss himself fled to Paris but his wife, Elsa Strauss, decided to stay behind in Prague. She was deported to Auschwitz concentration camp in 1942, where she perished. Julius Strauss' eldest daughter and her husband were deported to Terezin and Auschwitz concentration camps but were liberated at the end of the war.
Included are Julius Strauss' diary (incomplete) in which he describes the emigration of his children and his failed attempt to go to Paris in April 1939 to find accommodation for himself and Elsa; wartime correspondence between the parents, their children and friends; papers relating to Julius Strauss and Vilem Lesny's compensation claim; photographs; family trees; as well as papers relating to the estate of family friend, Otakar Bondy, who died at Lodz concentration camp in 1944.