The collection comprises of material relating to the British National Antarctic Expedition, 1901-1904 (leader Robert Falcon Scott) and correspondence covering that expedition and the relief expeditions to Discovery in McMurdo sound and the British Antarctic Expedition, 1910-1913 (leader Robert Falcon Scott)
Sir Charles William Rawson Royds collection
- This material is held at
- ReferenceGB 15 Sir Charles William Rawson Royds
- Dates of Creation1901-1903
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish.
- Physical DescriptionExpedition material (3 microfilms, 2 volumes and 15 leaves) and correspondence (Circa 16 leaves)
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
Charles William Rawson Royds was born in Rochdale, Lancashire, on 1 February 1876. He entered the Royal Navy as a cadet in HMS Conway and after varied service with the fleet, was promoted to lieutenant in 1898. He volunteered for the British National Antarctic Expedition, 1901-1904 (leader Robert Falcon Scott), as first lieutenant on board Discovery. He was also meteorologist (for which he received special training in the Ben Nevis Observatory), and took part in the sledging programme, leading a sledging journey of exploration across the Ross Ice Shelf. Cape Royds on Ross Island was named for him.
After the expedition, he resumed his career in the Navy, achieving promotions to the rank of commander in 1909 and to captain at the outbreak of the First World War. After serving throughout the war, he became captain of the Royal Naval College at Osborne, director of Physical Training and Sports at the Admiralty, and in 1923, commodore of Devonport Royal Naval Barracks. Retiring from the Navy in 1926 with the rank of rear admiral, he was appointed deputy commissioner of the Metropolitan Police and was promoted to vice-admiral and knighted in 1929. He died on 5 January 1931.
The collection is split into two sub-fond covering the British National Antarctic Expedition, 1901-1904 and correspondence by Royds respectively.
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Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to Antarctica's Forgotten Men by Leslie B. Quartermain, Millwood Press Wellington (1981) ISBN 0-908582-52-8 SPRI Library Shelf 92(08) and Encyclopaedia of Antarctica and the Southern Oceans ed. Bernard Stonehouse, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester (2002) ISBN 0471986658 SPRI Library (7) and Scott of the Antarctic by Elspeth Huxley, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London (1977) SPRI Library Shelf 92[Scott, R.F.] and Robert Keith Headland Antarctic Chronology, unpublished corrected revision of Chronological list of Antarctic expeditions and related historical events, (1 December 2001) Cambridge University Press (1989) ISBN 0521309034
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
Additional finding aids are available at the Institute.
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