MB ChB Manch 1920, MD 1930; PhD Camb 1932; FRCP 1944.
Taylor was born in Ashton-under-Lyne in 1897 and was educated at Manchester Grammar School and the University of Manchester, where he gained the Dumville Surgical Prize. He held junior appointments at MRI and St Mary's Hospital and was in general practice for a short time before deciding on a career in research and teaching. From 1929 to 1935 he worked in research in the Department of Pathology at Cambridge. In 1935 he took charge of the study of blood groups at the Galton Laboratory in London. During the War, the study was based in Cambridge, and undertook work of national significance for the Blood Transfusion Service. Taylor was closely associated with work on the rhesus factor, which was first reported in 1939. Taylor died in March 1945.