Agnes Balint: personal accounts of World War Two in Hungary

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

This collection contains the personal papers of Agnes Balint describing her experiences as a Jewish woman at the time of the Nazi occupation in Budapest during the Second World War. In her papers submitted to Yad Vashem in support of her nomination of her rescuers being named "Righteous amongst the Nations" (1725/2), she provides details of her rescue, her life in hiding, the siege of Budapest, the support she obtained from friends that enabled her to survive the war and her escape to the country.

Also included is an eyewitness testimony of the German occupation and liberation of Budapest (author unknown, partly translated) (1725/.

Administrative / Biographical History

Agnes Balint (née Schachter) was born into a well-to-do Jewish family in Budapest. Her parents were Jolan (née Gluck) and Francis Schachter, who was an engineer and director of Agrarglobus, part of the Weiss Manfred conglomerate. Her mother's parents were living with them. She went to a Jewish preparatory school and later to a state school until she was 17 years old.

In 1941 she married her childhood sweetheart, Janos Kurti, a civil engineer. One year later, Janos Kurti was taken to a forced labour camp in the Ukraine where he died in December 1942 in a fire at the camp. Agnes gave birth to their son, Gabriel Geza, in September 1942.

Agnes Balint lived through the Second World War in Budapest seeing her fellow Jews being arrested and deported. She and her son managed to hide and eventually flee Budapest with the help of some Christian friends who provided temporary shelter and forged documents. She managed to avoid moving to a designated Jewish house and went into hiding in the country, in Ordas, in 1944.

Agnes Balint nominated her rescuers Zsófia Mesterhazi (née Ditróy), Haas Ödönnéand Jozsef Strahl to be Yad Vashem's "Righteous amongst the Nations" in 2006.

In 1947 she got married to a Hungarian Jew, Andrew Balint, who was already a British subject. She moved with her son and mother to London where she worked as an electrolyst. Her son Gabriel Geza Balint-Kurti later married Kitty Stein (see WL1753).

Conditions Governing Access

See Wiener Library access conditions at: http://www.wienerlibrary.co.uk/usinglibrary/usingthelibrary.aspx

Acquisition Information

Donated by Agnes Balint

Note

2006/52

Alternative Form Available

Partly translated into English.

Related Material

See also WL1753 Hammerschlag and Stein families: personal papers

Geographical Names