There is a single item within these fonds presented to the Royal Asiatic Society by James Caulfeild at the same time as presenting a copy of the manuscript, Pṛthvīrāja-rāsau, to the Society. It is the "Contents of the History of Prithee Raja" (Pṛthvīrāja-rāsau), the poems of Chand. In the document Caulfeild provides a translation of a chapter as a specimen, a sketch of the contents of all the chapters and a list of the thirty-two sciences which none but the most famed for wisdom were supposed to be masters. This is a handwritten document on foolscap paper, 23 pages, 44 sides.
Papers of James Caulfeild
- This material is held at
- ReferenceGB 891 JC
- Dates of Creation1827
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish
- Physical Description1 folder
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
James Caulfeild was the son of the Venerable John Caulfeild, Archdeacon of Kilmore, County Cavan. He joined the Bengal Army in 1798, arriving in India in 1799. Apart from a period of sick leave in England from 1807-1812, he served in the military until 1819 when he was appointed as 1st Assistant to the British Resident at Indore. He continued to serve in an administrative capapcity as Political Agent in Haraoti (the territories of Bundi and Kotah in the Rajputana Agency)1822–32, then Superintendent to the Mysore Princes in 1836, before being appointed Resident at Lucknow in 1839. Meanwhile, his military career progressed through seniority: regimental Captain 1818, Major 1823, Lieutenant-Colonel 1829, Brevet Colonel 1834.
Caulfeild left India on furlough in 1841, and never returned. Promoted to Major-General in 1841 and Lieutenant-General in 1851, he was a Director of the East India Company 1848–51, and stood for Parliament, unsuccessfully contesting the seat of Abingdon in 1845 and 1847 before finally winning it in July 1852. Caulfeild's career as a Member of Parliament was short, however, because he died at Copsewood, Pallaskenry, County Limerick, on 4 November 1852.
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Major James Caulfeild presented this document to the Royal Asiatic Society on 3 November 1827 to help Fellows understand the manuscript of Pṛthvīrāja-rāsau that he was donating to the Society. This is recorded in the "Donations Register, 1823-1827", p.94, and also in the General Meeting Minutes for that date found in the "Minutes of the General Meetings, January 1827-March 1830", p.35.
This material was catalogued by Nancy Charley, RAS Archivist, in 2019.
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The material was written and presented to the Royal Asiatic Society by James Caulfeild.