The collection comprises of correspondence by Lyons regarding the British Antarctic Expedition, 1910-1913 (leader Robert Falcon Scott) and the geologist Hartley Travers Ferrar who served on the British National Antarctic Expedition, 1901-1904 (leader Robert Falcon Scott).
Sir Henry Lyons collection
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- ReferenceGB 15 Sir Henry Lyons
- Dates of Creation1905-1921
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish.
- Physical DescriptionCorrespondence (8 leaves)
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
Henry George Lyons was born on 11 October 1864 in London. He was educated at Wellington College, and in 1882 entered the Royal Military Academy in Woolwich. In 1884, he attended a two-year course of military engineering at Chatham, after which he was posted to Gibraltar and then to Egypt, where he studied geology in his spare time. In 1901, Lyons retired from the army and was appointed director of the geological survey in Egypt, a post he held until 1909 when he returned to Britain. During the First World War, Lyons served with the Royal Engineers, retiring with the rank of colonel in 1919, and in the same year was appointed secretary-general of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics. In 1920, he became director of the Science Museum in London, where he remained until his retirement in 1933. He was knighted in 1926 and died on 10 August 1944 at Great Missenden.
The correspondence is arranged alphabetically by recipient.
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Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to Robert Keith Headland Antarctic Chronology, unpublished corrected revision of Chronological list of Antarctic expeditions and related historical events, (1 December 2001) Cambridge University Press (1989) ISBN 0521309034 and Dictionary of National Biography, 1941-1950 Oxford University Press
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
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