Photographs: Melin Llynnon, Copper Ladies and E. Morgan Tobacco, Amlwch

Scope and Content

PHOTOGRAPHS: (4) mounted on card.

Melin Llynnon pre renovation; Copper Ladies and E. Morgan Tobacco Works, Amlwch, prior to demolition for road widening.

Administrative / Biographical History

Copper Ladies: In 1819 Michael Faraday visited the Mynydd Parys mines and described the work of the copper ladies. "The ore is raised from the mine by the whimsy in large heavy masses and is then thrown over a stage onto the ground below where it comes into charge of the cobber’s, principally women and boys. We came up to a large group of these, about 8 or 9 women were sitting on the ground in the midst of heaps of ore of the large and small, their mouths were covered with a cloth to keep the dust of the ore from entering with the breath. The fingers and thumb of the left hand were cased in strong iron tubes forming a sort of glove. A large hammer was handled in the right hand and a block of ore placed before them served as an anvil. Thus furnished they were employed in breaking lumps of ore into small pieces and selecting the good from the bad."

Tobacco: In Slaters directory of business in Amlwch in 1844 Morgan & Jones is described as a tobacco manufacturer in the pig market. By 1850 the firm were listed in Bank Street and by 1856 are listed as Edward Morgan & Co with Mr Morgan living at Ty Coch near St Eleth Church. The company continued to make tobacco their own brands until the late 1940s and remained in business until 1985. This was only the first of a number of tobacco companies in Amlwch who produced both snuff and tobacco. In 1868 Edward Morgan Hughes (Fair view) established another firm in Methusalem Street. This was the only firm to manufacture cigarettes rather than pipe tobacco or snuff. A Third company, William Mostyn of Petter’s street is also listed in 1880 and had a works at Madyn farm. The company may have been the first to be established in 1830.The company had changed name to Hugh Owen and Sons by 1910 and later became known as the Amlwch Tobacco company. “Young Wales” Amlwch shag for chewing and smoking was manufactured by Hugh Owens & Sons.

Access Information

Dim cyfyngiadau/ No Restrictions

Acquisition Information

Adnau preifat / Private deposit

Note

Os gwelwch yn dda archebwch y dogfenau gan ddefnyddio y rhif cyfeirnod amgen (lle ddarperidd) / Please order documents using the alternative reference number (where provided)

Other Finding Aids

Mae copiau clawr caled o`r catalogau ar gael yn Archifau Ynys Môn ac yn y Gofrestr Cenedlaethol Archifau. Polisi Archifau Ynys Môn yw catalogio yn iaith y ddogfen./Hard copies of the catalogue are available at Archifau Ynys Môn / Anglesey Archives and the National Register of Archives. It is the policy of Archifau Ynys Môn /Anglesey Archives to catalogue in the language of the document.

Physical Characteristics and/or Technical Requirements

Cyflwr gweddol/Fair Condition

Archivist's Note

Compiled by Amanda Sweet for Archifau Ynys Môn using the following source: Archifiau Ynys Môn/Anglesey Archives, WM/2687

http://amlwchhistory.co.uk/copper-ladies/

http://amlwchhistory.co.uk/tobacco/

Appraisal Information

Mae'r holl gofnodiadau sy'n cydymffurfio â pholisi casglu Swyddfa Gofnodi Cyngor Sir Ynys Môn wedi eu cadw /All records which meet the collection policy of the Anglesey Archives have been retained.

Accruals

Ni ddisgwylir croniadau/Accruals are not expected