Papers of Rogers, Major General Sir Leonard (1868-1962)

Scope and Content

Papers of Sir Leonard Rogers, 1889-1957, including manuscripts of three books: Rogers' memoirs, published as Happy Toil. Fifty-five years of tropical medicine (Frederick Muller, London, 1950); third edition of Fevers in the Tropics (Oxford Medical Publications, 1919) and a collection of papers on cholera, published as Cholera and its treatment (Oxford Medical Publications, 1907). Collection of papers by Rogers on the following areas: kala-azar; cachexial fever; leprosy, phthisis, pneumonia and smallpox in India; leprosy in East Africa; cholera (treatment and epidemiology); dysentery; sprue; tuberculosis; dengue fever. Drawings by HS Mandal of leprosy cases in Calcutta, research notes and reprints of articles written by Rogers throughout his entire career.

Administrative / Biographical History

Born 18 Jan 1868; educated Tavistock Grammar School, Devon County School, and Plymouth College; entered St Mary's Hospital Medical School, London, 1886; FRCS and MB, BS (London), 1892; entered Indian Medical Service, 1893; MD (London), 1897; MRCP, 1898; on return to India, lent to the veterinary department for research, Mktesar, where he made important discoveries on the control of rinderpest in cattle by inoculation and on transmission of equine trypanosomiasis (surra) in horses and camels; posted to the Bengal civil medical department, Calcutta, 1900; Professor of Pathology, Medical College Calcutta, 1906; undertook research on the effects of antimony on the parasite of kala-azar, sea snake venom, and the effects of emetine on amoebic dysentery; also introduced major improvements in treatment of amoebic abscess of the liver by aseptic aspiration, and in cholera by the intravenous infusion of sterile solution of blood salts (known as 'Rogers Fluid'); investigated efficacy of chaulmoogra oil on leprosy and encouraged research into a cure for leprosy; instrumental in foundation of the Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine, and in foundation of the British Empire Leprosy Relief Association, 1923; knighted, 1914; elected Fellow of the Royal Society, 1916; left India, 1920; retired from Indian Medical Service, 1921; appointed lecturer at the London School of Tropical Medicine; appointed member of the India Office Medical Board, 1922, and its President, 1928; Secretary of the Research Defence Society; retired and given honorary rank of Major General, 1933; President Royal Society of Tropical Medicine, 1933-1935. Selected publications: Fevers in the Tropics (1907); Cholera and its treatment (1911); Bowel diseases in the Tropics (1921); Leprosy with Ernest Muir (1925); Recent Advances in Tropical Medicine (1928); Tropical Medicine with JWD Megaw (1930); Happy Toil (1950), numerous scientific papers in medical journals and Royal Society publications on fevers, snake venoms, liver abscesses, tuberculosis, leprosy; kala-azar, cholera and dysenteries.


No original order so arranged by Richard Meunier, Assistant Archivist.

Access Information

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Acquisition Information

Deposited by the family, c.1967.

Other Finding Aids

Lower level descriptions are available.

Archivist's Note

Compiled by Erika Gwynett and Robert Baxter as part of the RSLP AIM25 Project. Sources: Who's Who, Dictionary of National Biography and National Register of Archives.

Additional cataloguing by Richard Meunier, Assistant Archivist, 2008.

Conditions Governing Use

Photocopies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Archivist.


None expected

Related Material

Wellcome Library holds correspondence and papers of Rogers 1868-1961 (Ref: PP/ROG), and other related correspondence, 1908-1979 (Ref: WTI/RST/C13-18); Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre, holds correspondence with A V Hill, 1947-1962 (Ref: AVHL).