Deeds and documents relating to Coldbrook house and park, 1849-1934, and to the Monmouthshire properties of the Coldbrook estate , particularly in Abergavenny, 1743-1934, Llanfihangel Crucorney, 1818-1939, and Llantilio Pertholey, 1735-1934.
Coldbrook estate records
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
The Coldbrook estate, Monmouthshire, was sold in about 1730 to Major John Hanbury (1664-1734) of Pontypool. The Hanbury family of Pontypool were industrialists descended from the Hanbury family of Worcestershire. John Hanbury inherited the Pontypool estate with its ironworks on the death of his father, Capel Hanbury (1625-1704), and is acknowledged as the pioneer of the tin-plate industry. The Coldbrook estate was settled on John's fourth son Charles, afterwards known as Sir Charles Hanbury-Williams (1708-59). The additional name of Williams was assumed under the terms of a bequest from his godfather, Charles Williams (d. 1720) of Caerleon, Monmouthshire, who had left Â£70,000 to John Hanbury, part of which was to be invested in an estate for one of his sons, understood to be for Charles. This munificence was in gratitude for Hanbury's work in securing a royal pardon and safe return for Williams, who had fled Britain after killing his opponent in a duel. Charles Hanbury-Williams also owned the Hampton Court estate in Herefordshire in right of his wife, Frances, daughter and co-heir of Thomas, earl Conyngsby. He had two daughters and on his death the Hampton Court estate passed to the eldest daughter, Frances, wife of William Anne Capel, earl of Essex, while the Coldbrook estate passed to his brother George Hanbury, who in turn adopted the surname Williams. The estate remained in the hands of the family until the death of Ferdinand Capel Hanbury-Williams in 1888, when it was sold. The mansion and the greater part of the estate were purchased by Lady Llanover and later sold to Arthur Herbert, a second son of the Herbert family of Llanarth. In May 1905 F. P. J. Hanbury-Williams gave up the name Hanbury-Williams and resumed the family name of Hanbury.
Deposit. It is Gwent Record Office's policy to withold information about donors or depositors in view of possible misuse.
Compiled by Stephen Benham for the HMC/NLW Family and Estates project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Bradney, Joseph, Sir, A History of Monmouthshire (London, 1991, facsimile ed), vol. 1, part 2a; Nicholas, Thomas, Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County families of Wales (London, 2 vols, 1872), vol. II; Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940 (London, 1959); Monmouthshire Record Office, Catalogue of documents relating to Coldbrook estate, Catalogue of documents relating to the Hanbury Williams family of Coldbrook, Monmouthshire.
Other Finding Aids
Hard copies of the catalogue are available at Gwent Record Office, National Library of Wales and the National Register of Archives.
Conditions Governing Use
Usual copyright regulations apply.
All records deposited at Gwent Record Office have been retained.
Accruals are not expected