Administration by Quarter Sessions Records

Scope and Content

Records of Merionethshire Court of Quarter Sessions, 1817-1973, including records relating to licensing, 1817-1973, consisting mainly of recognizances, 1817-1826; minute books of the licensing committee, 1906-1973; compensation case papers, 1907-1922; financial records, 1907-1968; correspondence, 1905-1921; and records relating to diseases of animals, 1866-1871.

Administrative / Biographical History

The Court of Quarter Sessions in Merionethshire sat four times a year, attended by the Justices of the Peace of the county. Quarter sessions courts began in Wales after the Acts of Union, 1536-1543. The Quarter Sessions played a major role in the local administration of Merionethshire until the late nineteenth century, when many of its administrative functions were transferred to the County Council. However, the judicial role of the Courts continued until their abolition in 1971. There were numerous administrative matters overseen by the courts, including licensing alehouses, determining wage-levels and controlling registration of charities and nonconformist meeting houses. In addition, the Court had responsibility for overseeing the upkeep of bridges, gaols and houses of correction and the control and prevention of diseases affecting livestock.


Arranged into the following: Licensing; Diseases of animals; and Lunacy.

Access Information

No restrictions

Acquisition Information

Source not recorded


Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Archifdy Meirionnydd Archives, Gweinyddiad Drwy Llys y Chwarter/ Administration by Quarter Sessions, catalogue; Jones, Gareth Elwyn, Modern Wales: A Concise History c.1485-1979 (Cambridge, 1984).

Other Finding Aids

Hard copies of the catalogue are available in Meirionnydd Archives and the National Library of Wales.

Conditions Governing Use

Usual copyright regulations apply.

Appraisal Information

All records deposited at Meirionnydd Archives have been retained.

Custodial History

Records relating to the County Gaol were seperated to form a seperate fonds, Z/QA/G.


Accruals are not expected

Related Material

The main Merionethshire Quarter Sessions records are Archifdy Meirionnydd Archives, Z/QS.

Geographical Names