Copper Archive (the papers of folk singer Bob Copper)

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

The main sections of the archive are as follows

Personal Life

The first section brings together items that document Bob Copper'slife away from his singing and writing career. The various notepadsfound in this section contain a mix of rough notes and diary entries.Bob didn't consistently keep a day to day diary and many of hisdiaries stop halfway through. Bob also liked to insert rough notes,press cuttings and other items into his notepads, the significance ofthese items is not always clear. Bob belonged to some clubs throughouthis life and correspondence relating to those club memberships arealso found in this section. Highlights include documentation relatingto the honorary degree from the University of Sussex in 2000

Correspondence - Thematic

Bob Copper's correspondence is organised into two sections, thoughthere is some overlap between these categories. This first sectioncontains correspondence with individuals or organisations with whomBob had ongoing contact. He kept these letters separate from the restof his correspondence which is ordered chronologically. Bob also kept items together that related to a particular theme, for example, correspondence relating to the recording of the Copper Family CD: 'Coppersongs', as well as financial papers and household bills. Items within these files are in no particular order.

Correspondence - Chronological sequence

Following on from the thematic sequence is a chronological list ofBob's correspondence from the late 1940s to 2004. There is a verysmall quantity of letters from the 40s, 50s and 60s. Although thearrangement is chronological, in many cases dates can only beestablished by inference. Quite often there are items interleaved witha set of correspondence with no obvious relation, but an concerted effort has been made to keep the correspondence and these objects in the order that Bob kept them

Principle writings

This section comprises drafts, notes and correspondence relating to Bob's five books; A Song for Every Season, Songs and Southern Breezes, Early to Rise, Across Sussex With Belloc: In the Footsteps of "The Four Men", Bob Copper's Sussex, The Copper Family Song Book. Also included in this section are texts, both in typescript and handwritten, of unpublished works. Many manuscripts remain unidentified and these are collated at the end of the section along with miscellaneous other writings.

Songs and Performances

This section gathers together items relating to Bob's performingcareer including songs that were collected in the 1950s, radio playsand other live performances. There is a large amount of materialrelating to Christmas.

Rottingdean

Published articles and notes relating to Bob's home village ofRottingdean.

Jim Copper,,

The collection contains a small amount of items relating to Bob'sfather Jim. Jim Copper had a big influence in the folk revival in the1950s and was the subject of a BBC Home Service programme 'The life ofJim Copper'. This section includes recordings of this programme andother notes farming life in the early 20th century.

USA

Bob Copper made several trips to the USA during his lifetime.Thesection contains correspondence and details about various performancesthe Copper family made in the States.

Administrative / Biographical History

Bob Copper (1915-2004) was the patriarch of the folk singing Copper family from Rottingdean, England. The Copper family's tradition of unaccompanied harmony singing has been passed down through the family for generations. Originally kept alive in the oral tradition, the songs were first written down by Kate Lee, one of the founders of the English Folk Dance and Song Society, having heard James 'Brasser' Copper (Bob Copper's grandfather) and his younger brother Tom singing their old songs in the Black Horse in Rottingdean. Brasser's son Jim and his son, Bob, preserved the songs so they could still be sung by the family today.

Bob's father, Jim, was the bailiff of a large estate, and as a boy Bob helped with farm chores. He left school at 15, went to work in the village barber's shop and then became a soldier, briefly serving in the Life Guards before joining the West Sussex constabulary.

The 1950s saw the Copper family shoot to fame when the BBC made a programme on the life of Jim Copper. Jim had been listening to a BBCHome Service programme called Country Magazine in which someone hadsung one of "our" songs, "only he got the words wrong". Bob wrote tothe presenter Francis Collinson, who came down to Rottingdean, wherehe recorded several songs from Jim and Bob at the Central Club inRottingdean which Bob had bought with his wife Jean, whom he married in1941.

Bob was asked by the BBC to collect songs from Sussex and Hampshireand many of these were published as Songs and Southern Breezes in 1973. Bob began his career as an author when the first of his books A song for every season was published in 1971. Bob's booksreflect his love of the old English country life.

Bob Copper received an honorary degree from the University of Sussexin 2000

Conditions Governing Access

Items in the collection may be consulted for the purpose of private study and personal research, within the controlled environment and restrictions of the Library's Special Collections Reading Rooms.

Acquisition Information

The archive was donated in April 2005 by the Copper family

Other Finding Aids

Archivist's Note

Prepared by Karen Watson, February 2008

Conditions Governing Use

Copies for private study: Subject to copyright conditions the Library can supply photocopies for a charge.

A reader wishing to publish material in the collection should contact the Head of Special Collections in writing. The reader is responsible for obtaining permission to publish from the copyright owner.