Documents relating to the Rolls family, barons Llangattock, of The Hendre

Scope and Content

Title deeds, [c. 1617]-1952, of the Hendre estate, Monmouthshire, and of the family estate in Surrey; estate correspondence, 1800-1904; Hendre estate administration records, 1768-1934, including accounts, 1835-1914, and rentals, 1766-1933; London estate administration records, 1760-1916, including accounts, 1801-1915, and rentals, 1815-1933; household management papers relating to The Grange, Bermondsey, 1802-1813 (pulled down in 1811), 50 Harley Street, London, 1809-1815, Briton Ferry and The Burrows, Swansea, 1814-1826, 3 Bryanston Square, London, 1827-1838, and The Hendre, Monmouthshire, 1811-1924; Hendre farm accounts, 1862-1936; personal papers of various members of the Rolls family, 1772-1924, including the diaries of John Etherington Welch Rolls, 1825-1869, and papers relating to his involvement in the Provincial Grand Lodge of Monmouthshire of the Order of Freemasons, 1846-1908; the journals and diaries of Edward Nevill MacReady and Martha S. (Rolls) his wife, 1820-[1848], particularly in India, Ceylon and Egypt; the scrapbooks of John Allan Rolls, 1821-1913, and his papers relating to the shire horse stud farm at Amberley, 1897-1905; and the papers of Charles Stewart Rolls, 1890-1910, including papers relating to the Rolls-Royce motor car company; papers relating to the Rolls family yachts, 1845-1913, including log books, accounts, vouchers, seamen's articles of agreement, wages books and correspondence; papers relating to the Royal Victoria Yacht Club and the Royal Yacht Squadron, 1847-1934; and navigation charts, 1781-1856, of British, northern European, Iberian and Mediterranean waters; parochial records of Llangattock-Vibon-Avel, 1698-1903, including the vestry minute book / overseers of the poor account book, 1816-1831; and papers of Newcastle National School in the parishes of Llangattock-Vibon-Avel, St Maughans and Skenfreth.

Administrative / Biographical History

James James of the parish of Llanvihangel-Ystern-Llewern, Monmouthshire, settled in London and acquired a valuable estate in Southwark, Surrey. He purchased several farms and parcels of land in Llanvihangel-Ystern-Llewern and Llangattock-Vibon-Avel between 1639 and 1648. In his will of 1677 he left his estate to his only surviving child, Sarah, wife of Dr Elisha Coysh, a London physician. Their daughter married William Allen, who also bought land in Monmouthshire. William Allen's daughter and heir married her cousin Thomas Coysh. They were succeeded by their son Richard Coysh, who was succeeded by his sister Sarah (d. 1801), the eventual sole heir of the families of Coysh, Allen and James. Sarah married John Rolls (1735-1801) of the Grange, Bermondsey, and of the Hendre, Monmouthshire, sheriff of Monmouthshire 1794, bringing him much property both in Monmouthshire and London. John Rolls died the day after his wife. John Rolls was succeeded by his son John Rolls (1776-1837) of the Hendre, who was succeed by his son John Etherington Welch Rolls (1807-70), sheriff of Monmouthshire 1842. He was succeeded by his son John Allan Rolls (1837-1912), sheriff in 1875 and MP for Monmouthshire, 1880-1885, created Baron Llangattock of the Hendre, 1892, who was succeeded by his son John Maclean Rolls (1870-1916, dsp.), 2nd Baron Llangattock, sheriff in 1900. He was succeeded by his sister Eleanor Georgiana (d. 1961), wife of John Courtown Edward Shelley. Charles Stewart Rolls (1877-1910, dsp), a younger son of John Allan Rolls, was one of the founding partners of the Rolls-Royce aero engine and motor car manufacturers.


Arranged into the following: estate records; family papers; and miscellaneous papers. The estate records are further arranged into Monmouthshire estate; London estate; estate general (London and Monmouthshire); rentals; game; agricultural shows. The family papers are further arranged into household management; family history; legal papers; and personal papers arranged by individuals. The miscellaneous papers are further arranged into parochial papers and miscellaneous papers

Access Information

No restrictions

Acquisition Information

Deposit. It is Gwent Record Office's policy to withold information about donors or depositors in view of possible misuse.


Compiled by Stephen Benham for the HMC/NLW Family and Estates project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Bradney, Joseph, A History of Monmouthshire (London, 1991, facsimile ed), vol. 1, part 1; Monmouthshire Record Office, Preliminary list of documents relating to the family of Rolls (Baron Llangattock) of The Hendre; Burke's Peerage and Baronetage (London, 1938).

Other Finding Aids

Hard copies of the catalogue are available at Gwent Record Office, National Library of Wales and the National Register of Archives.

Conditions Governing Use

Usual copyright regulations apply.

Appraisal Information

All records deposited at Gwent Record Office have been retained.


Accruals are not expected

Related Material

Further papers relating to the London estates, 1555-1965, are held at the Southwark Local Studies Library. A further scrapbook of John Allan Rolls, 1879-80, is National Library of Wales MS 19647D. Deeds relating to John Etherington Welch Rolls's appointment as sheriff of Monmouthshire, 1842, is National Library of Wales, Sir Leonard Twiston Davies 7056-6.