Stoddard-Templeton Carpet and Textile Collection

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

A collection of carpets and textiles manufactured by James Templeton & Co Ltd, A F Stoddard & Co Ltd or subsidiary companies, dating from c1840s-1960s. Designs include pictorial scenes, art deco designs, and floral, chintz or medallion-centred designs. The collection also includes a mid-19th century Paisley shawl.

Administrative / Biographical History

James Templeton and Co. was established in 1843, making Chenille, Axminster, Wilton and Brussels carpets. Technological innovation and design skill brought the company considerable worldwide success throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, with its products in high demand in the domestic and commercial markets. It employed artists of international calibre such as Charles Voysey, Walter Crane and Frank Brangwyn, with their carpets used in Coronations and in liners such as the Titanic.

In their 1950s heyday they were Glasgow's biggest single employers, with 7,000 employees. Glasgow carpets were exported to all four corners of the globe, with major commissions for parliaments, concert halls and cultural institutions, along with domestic interiors. Famous Templeton carpets include the Regatta Restaurant carpets for the 1951 Festival of Britain, and the Twelve Apostles carpet made for the Paris Exhibition of 1867.

In 1983 Templeton's merged with another local carpet manufacturer, A. F. Stoddard of Elderslie, to form Stoddard International. A. F. Stoddard had been founded in 1862 by Arthur Francis Stoddard, an American who refused to live in the United States because of the continued slave trade. He regularly addressed abolition meetings in Glasgow, which had tended to side with the South during the American Civil War because of its strong cotton and tobacco routes. Stoddard's went on to produce carpets for the wedding of Queen Elizabeth II, the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Dickens and Jones, Epsom race-course, and Liberty's.

For more information see: Glasgow University Archive Services (http://cheshire.cent.gla.ac.uk/ead/search/?operation=full&recid=gb0248stod); Dictionary of Scottish Business Biography 1860-1960,vol 1 (Aberdeen, 1986) and 'Stoddard International plc - Company History,'on Funding Universe, www.fundinguniverse.com, accessed 31 August 2011.

See also: http://www2.gsa.ac.uk/library/finding_aids/bibliography-stoddard.pdf and http://www2.gsa.ac.uk/library/specialcollectionguides/StoddardDesignLibrary0213.pdf

Conditions Governing Access

Glasgow School of Art Archives and Collections are open for research by appointment.

Physical Characteristics and/or Technical Requirements

12 carpet samples, 1 tablecover, 1 table runner and 1 paisley shawl.

Archivist's Note

Listed by Liz Arthur, Textile Consultant, 2007. Exported into CALM, edited and updated by Michelle Kaye, Archives and Collections Centre, 8th February 2013. Archives Hub description updated by Michelle Kaye, Archives and Collections Assistant, 14th May 2013.

Conditions Governing Use

Application for permission to quote should be submitted to The Archives and Collections Centre at The Glasgow School of Art.

Reproduction subject to usual conditions: educational use and condition of documents.

Appraisal Information

This material has been appraised in line with Glasgow School of Art Archives and Collections standard procedures.

Custodial History

Prior to deposit with Glasgow School of Art, the textiles were held by Stoddard International plc, or its predecessor companies. When it entered receivership in January 2005, Stoddard International held a nationally significant collection of design archives, design library and heritage carpets. The Glasgow School of Art Library, along with Glasgow University Archives Services and Culture and Sport Glasgow formed a partnership to purchase and safeguard these collections for current and future researchers. Grant funding enabled the 3 partners to purchase the collection, with the archives residing with GUAS, the carpets with Glasgow Museums, and the design library with GSA Library. This collection of carpet samples was transferred to GSA via Glasgow Museums.