Records of Highland Distilleries Co plc, whisky distillers, Glasgow, Scotland

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

  • Records of central office of Highland Distillers Co plc 1881-1995
  • Records of the Bunnahabhain Distillery 1881-1975
  • Records of the Glenrothes-Glenlivit Distillery 1881-1892
  • Records of the Tamdhu-Glenlivit Distillery 1896-1972

Administrative / Biographical History

Highland Distilleries Co Ltd  was formed in  1887  through the merger of the  Islay Distillery Co Ltd , owners of the Bunnahabhain Distillery, Islay, Argyll & Bute, Scotland, and  William Grant & Co , owners of the Glenrothes-Glenlivit Distillery, Rothes, Moray, Scotland. Capital was raised through sale to the public of 13,340 ordinary £5 shares and 230 £100 debentures. From the outset, the company shared offices at 48 West Nile St, Glasgow, Scotland, with  Robertson & Baxter , whisky merchants. Relationships between the two firms were very close and they had many directors in common.

In  1892  , Highland Distilleries Co Ltd acquired the Glenglassaugh Distillery at Portsoy, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. In order to fund the purchase the company issued a further £13,500 of debentures. In  1898,  the chairman and founding director , W A Robertson, died. Following a fire at Glenrothes-Glenlivit Distillery the firm was short of stock and in  1898  acquired the Tamdhu-Glenlivit Distillery in exchange for 5,500 shares. In  1905,  a further three of the founding directors died, William Grant, Robert Dick and James Ford.

Following the damaging Budget of  1909  , the firm took emergency action using its £25,000 reserve fund to reduce the book value of plant and property to £87,000 while seeking amalgamation with  Dailuaine-Talisker Distillers Ltd . However, the amalgamation scheme was abandoned in  1910  . By  1927,  Highland Distilleries Co Ltd was supplying malt whisky and whisky for blending to over one hundred and eighty customers. The depression of the 1930s saw temporary closures for most distilleries although the lifting of prohibition in the United States in  1933  helped the industry. In  1935,  the company acted to protect its name by acquiring land in Campbeltown, Argyll & Bute, associated with an older  'Highland Distillery Co' and resold the land, excluding use of the company name from titles.

In  James Grant & Co 1937,  , damaged by the recession, sold the Highland Park Distillery, Orkney, Scotland, to Highland Distilleries Co Ltd. Highland Park continued to operate under the subsidiary company  James Grant & Co (Highland Park) Ltd and Walter G Grant, a director of  James Grant & Co , joined the board of Highland Distilleries Co Ltd. As a precaution against wartime isolation of the Orkneys, the firm reduced the capital value of James Grant & Co (Highland Park) Ltd from £220,000 to £170,000. The purchase may have been driven by the fact that Highland Park was an integral ingredient of the new Cutty Sark blend produced by Highland Distilleries for the export market.

Until the 1939-1945 World War, Highland Distilleries Co Ltd focussed on distilling rather than blending or marketing but in  1947  it acquired A C Robertson's shares in  Robertson & Baxter Ltd . In  1955,  there were rumours of take over attempts and much uncertainty in Highland's future independence.

In the late 1950s, the firm sold part of its holdings in Robertson & Baxter Ltd to that company's subsidiary  Clyde Bonding Co Ltd , alcoholics drinks manufacturers, leaving a 35 percent stake to finance reconstruction at Glenglassaugh Distillery. In  1959  , the firm doubled its ordinary issue share capital from £600,000 to £1.2 million by capitalising sum from reserves. In  1963  the firm took a 25 percent stake in Edward Fison Ltd, malters, to develop modern drum maltings in Yorkshire, England, but withdrew the investment in  1968  . In  1964,  a one-for-one scrip issue doubled issued capital to £2.5 million.

In  1970,  Highland Distilleries Co Ltd broke with tradition and itself became a blender through the purchase of  Matthew Gloag & Sons and their Famous Grouse brand. Marketing of Famous Grouse was stepped up in  1972  as was marketing of the single malts produced by Highland Distillers. Several of the distilleries were incorporated as private limited companies in their own right as subsidiaries of Highland. Highland raised a further £8.7 million additional capital in  1979  by a one for five right issue to pay for a new stillhouse at the Glenrothes-Glenlivit Distillary.

In  1982  , the company became a public limited company as  Highland Distilleries Co plc , changing its name again in  1998  to  Highland Distillers Ltd . In  1999  , the company was acquired by the  Edrington Group Ltd , the successor company of Robertson & Baxter Ltd. Highland Distillers Ltd changed its name again in  2001  to  Highland Distillers Group Ltd  , remaining a production arm of the Edrington Group with Highland Distillers products, such as Famous Grouse and Cutty Sark blended whiskies brands, being sold as Eglington products. In 2003, the company continued to function.

The records of the Glengassaugh Distillery [UGD 219] were de-accessioned to the BenRiach Distillery Co Ltd, Midlothian in May 2014.

Arrangement

This material is arranged into four sections as described in the scope and content note. Within these sections, material is arranged into series of record related by type or function.

Conditions Governing Access

Open

Acquisition Information

Deposit : via BACS Surveying Officer : Highland Distillers Co plc : May 1986 : ACCN 0069

Other Finding Aids

Digital file level list available in searchroom

Manual file level list available at the National Registers of Archives in Edinburgh (NRA(S) 2119, 2750 which partly replaces 2119, 1013 & 1264) and London (NRA 23496)

Alternative Form Available

No known copies

Conditions Governing Use

Applications for permission to quote should be sent to the University Archivist

Reproduction subject to usual conditions: educational use & condition of documents

Appraisal Information

This material has been appraised in line with normal procedures

Custodial History

Held by Highland Distilleries Co plc

Accruals

Accruals possible

Related Material

GB 248 UGD 231 Records of Robertson & Baxter Ltd

See source list on Whisky available via GLasgow University Archive Services homepage at  http://www.archives.gla.ac.uk

Bibliography

No known publications using this material

Additional Information

This material is original

Revised by David Powell, Hub Project Archivist, 10 April 2003