UCAC Archive (Undeb Cenedlaethol Athrawon Cymru)

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

The collection represents the archival papers of UCAC from 1940 to the 1980s. UCAC was the first trade union established in Wales in order to serve the needs of Welsh teachers, which would further the aims of the union in the world of Welsh medium teaching in Wales. The archieve includes the papers kept at the Ty'r Cymry centre, Gordon Road, Cardiff while it was the union's headquarters from its foundation in December 1940 until it moved its main office to Aberystwyth in 1983. The archive represents a valuable resource for studying the Welsh language and culture in the twentieth century, and UCAC had a role in the campaign to win legal status for the Welsh language. The union's pioneering role as a national body for Wales means the archive is an important source for its political development in this period, and reflects obvious developments such as the growth of nationalism, establishing the Welsh Office and the post of Secretary of State for Wales. Nevertheless, education in Wales is the main subject of the union's papers, across all aspects from nursery schools to adult education. The collection contains extensive correspondence, minutes of the Annual conference as well as meetings of the National Executive and the Branches. In addition, there are publications in the name of the union, research undertaken by officers and members, records of discussions, speeches and press statements.

Administrative / Biographical History

The archive was collected together with Iorwerth Morgan, ex-UCAC General Secretary and transferred by UCAC to Cardiff University, 1999.


The material has been sorted into a number of special classes to reflect the constitutional organisation of the union. First is the Annual Conference (Cynhadledd Flynyddol), 1941-1988. Secondly, the National Executive (Pwyllgor Gwaith), 1940-1990. The third class is the UCAC's Branches (Canghennau), 1942-1993. After the Branches come UCAC's Sections (Adrannau), 1940-1991. The final class is External Bodies (Cyrff Allanol). The correspondence of the National Executive, Branches and Sections contains a lot of letters from External Bodies, so this Section contains many publications of external bodies which were collected by the National Executive in its main office. Each class has its own unique letters or code:

Cyn = y Gynhadledd Flynyddol Cyn = y Gynhadledd Flynyddol Pg = y Pwyllgor Gwaith Pg = y Pwyllgor Gwaith Can/g = y Canghennau Can/g = y Canghennau Adr = yr Adrannau Adr = yr Adrannau All = Cyrff allanol

Conditions Governing Access

Open for consultation.


Compiled by Elizabeth Pengilly and Peter Keelan.

Other Finding Aids

A Handlist of the Collection. An online listing of the Collection is available at: www.cardiff.ac.uk/infos/information/research/ucac/description.html


Further accruals are expected of documents for the period c.1980-1999.