International Auschwitz Committee: Correspondence and papers

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

Papers of the Internationale Auschwitz Komitee (IAK), 1959, comprising short statements from former inmates at Auschwitz and correspondence between the IAK (including Hermann Langbein, secretary) and other organisations regarding the prosecution of perpetrators at Auschwitz, including Josef Mengele, Adolf Heinz Beckerle, Josef Klehr, Hermann Krumey, Adolf Eichmann and Paul Kümmel.

Administrative / Biographical History

The Internationale Auschwitz Komitee (IAK) was founded in 1952 by former inmates of the death camp, Auschwitz-Birkenau, with the following aims: to bear witness to the crimes of the Nazis in the camp; to fight for compensation for former inmates and their families; to work with the Auschwitz Museum to preserve the site of the camp as a permanent memorial. The IAK became involved in the gathering of statements and testimony against former camp guards and other Nazi personnel. Many of the witnesses who provided testimony later took part in the 'Frankfurt Trial' of perpetrators at Auschwitz.

Hermann Langbein (1912-1995), secretary of the International Auschwitz Committee was an Austrian who fought in the Spanish Civil War with the International Brigades for the Spanish Republicans against the Nationalists under Francisco Franco. He was interned in France after the end of the Spanish Civil War, and then sent to German concentration camps after the fall of France in 1940. Over the next few years he was imprisoned in several different camps (Dachau, Auschwitz and others). He was among the leadership of the International Resistance groups in the camps he was held in. After 1945 he was General Secretary of the International Auschwitz Committee, and later Secretary of the 'Comite' Internationale des Camps'. Hermann Langbein was among those awarded the Righteous Among the Nations status by Yad Vashem.

Arrangement

Chronological

Conditions Governing Access

Open

Acquisition Information

Hermann Langbein

Other Finding Aids

Description exists to this archive on the Wiener Library's online catalogue www.wienerlibrary.co.uk

Archivist's Note

Entry compiled by Howard Falksohn.

Conditions Governing Use

Copies can be made for personal use. Permission must be sought for publication.

Related Material

Ref: 1173

Geographical Names