Richard John Copland Atkinson CBE (22 January 1920 – 10 October 1994) was a British prehistorian and archaeologist. He investigated sites including Stonehenge, Silbury Hill, West Kennet Long Barrow and Wayland's Smithy, and was a friend and collaborator of Stuart Piggott and John F.S. Stone.
In 1949 he was appointed a lecturer at Edinburgh University, and in 1958 moved to University College, Cardiff to become its first professor of archaeology. He remained at Cardiff until he retired in 1983.
He received the CBE in 1979. Atkinson worked to promote and develop science based British archaeology, and was famous for his practical contributions to archaeological technique and his pragmatic solutions to on-site problems, which were listed in the handbook he wrote called Field Archaeology.