Hans Schmoller: family papers

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

This collection contains correspondence from Hans Peter Schmoller to his parents, Hans Israel and Marie Schmoller (1690/1) and other family members and friends, ranging from the time of his studies in London in the early 1930s to his emigration to Morija, Basutoland (now Lesotho) in 1938 and subsequent internment in Ganspan camp in 1939; detailed accounts by his parents of the persecutions and worsening conditions for Jews in Nazi Germany particularly after the November pogroms; and his parents' incarceration at Theresienstadt concentration camp (1690/2/282). It includes enquiries at the Theresienstadt Martyrs Remembrance Association regarding the fate of Hans's parents (1690/2/284), incomplete list of belongings for emigration (1690/2/285) and photographs; letters to Hans from his parents (1690/2) and to Hans from others (1690/3)

Also included are papers, certificate of Confirmation, visiting cards, educational and professional certificates, and music performance reviews relating to Hans's aunt Johanna Dorothea Behrend who emigrated to England in 1939.

The folders are arranged thus: correspondence Hans Schmoller to parents (1690/1); parents to Hans Schmoller (1690/2); other correspondents to Hans Schmoller (1690/3); material re Johanna Berend (1690/4); correspondence of Tanya Schmoller re the collection (1690/5).

Administrative / Biographical History

Hans Peter Schmoller was born in Berlin in 1916 to Jewish parents. He went to London in the early 1930s to do a course in compositing at the Monotype Institute. There he heard about a vacancy at Morija Printing Works, Basutoland (Lesotho) to run an Evangelical Swiss printing press. Hans emigrated to Basutoland in 1938 where he was interned as an enemy alien at Ganspan camp in the following year. He was released from internment in 1942. Tragically, although he got permission for his parents to join him, war was declared just a few days before their departure date and they could no longer leave the country. His parents were deported to Theresienstadt concentration camp in 1942, his mother was transferred to Auschwitz in 1944. Both perished.

Hans later moved to England where he worked as a successful typographer. He married his wife Tanya. Johanna Dorothea Behrend (1892-1977) (Hans's aunt on his mother's side) was born in a Jewish household but later converted to Christianity. She studied music and became a concert singer. During the inflation she had to give up this profession and became a secretary. When her employer was aryanised in November 1938 she was dismissed and shortly after, in April 1939, emigrated as a refugee to England. She initially worked as a domestic servant with friends of the family.

Arrangement

Chronological by correspondent

Conditions Governing Access

See Wiener Library access conditions at: http://www.wienerlibrary.co.uk/usinglibrary/usingthelibrary.aspx

Acquisition Information

Donated by Tanya Schmoller.

Note

NB380

Related Material

See also Photo Archive NB380 for photographs.

Family Names