Pain Book for Thornthwaite, Westmorland

  • This material is held at
  • Reference
      GB 133 Eng MS 1155
  • Dates of Creation
  • Name of Creator
  • Language of Material
  • Physical Description
      c 380 x 155 mm. 1 volume (i + 80 + i folios); Binding: parchment covers. Condition: covers and leaves severely worn and abraded.

Scope and Content

The volume contains details of penalties and fines issued by the manorial court of Thornthwaite in Westmorland. It opens A pain book taken out of an old one in þe yeare of our Lord God 1675, wch old one was begun in the yeare of our Lord God 1612, anno regni Jacobi Regis decimo. Folios 1-18v contain regular entries from 1612 to November 1707; the leaves containing entries for October 1629-April 1633, October 1638-October 1664 and May 1679-April 1680 are missing.

Other lacunae occur before and after the present folio 19, an imperfect leaf containing entries, on the recto, for May and part of October 1709 and, on the verso, for April and October 1730 [sic]. Folios 20-25 contain entries for: 

  • 1735 (in part);
  • 1736;
  • 1738-41;
  • 1743;
  • 1746;
  • 1753;
  • 1756;
  • 1770;
  • 1777-80;
  • 1788;
  • 1794.
 Two undated entries have been added on folio 80v and the back fly-leaf. Folios 21v and 25v-80 are blank. The front fly-leaf is inscribed: This Book belongs to the Jury of Thornthwaite (18th-century hand).

Access Information

The manuscript is available for consultation by any accredited reader.

Acquisition Information

Presented to the John Rylands Library by Lewis H. Orford esq. in July 1950.


Description compiled by Jo Klett, project archivist.

Other Finding Aids

Catalogued in the Hand-List of the Collection of English Manuscripts in the John Rylands Library, 1937-1951 (English MS 1155).

Related Material

Cumbria Record Office and Local Studies Library, Whitehaven: Waugh and Musgrave, solicitors of Cockermouth: records of the Marshall family of Patterdale Hall, court books for the manor of Thornthwaite, 1739-1877 (ref.: GB 1831 DWM 11/1-3).

Geographical Names