Mandell Creighton (1843-1901) was educated at Durham grammar school and Merton College, Oxford, where he became a fellow in 1866 and a tutor in 1867. He was ordained in 1870, and accepted the college living of Emberton in 1875. He became the rural dean of Alnwick in 1879. In 1884 he became first Dixie professor of ecclesiastical history at Cambridge and a fellow of Emmanuel College. He was the first editor of the English historical review between 1886 and 1891. Creighton was made canon of Worcester in 1885, canon of Windsor in 1890, bishop of Peterborough in 1891, and bishop of London in 1897. He was the first president of the Church Historical Society, 1894-1901, and Hulsean lecturer (1893-1894) and Rede lecturer (1895) at Cambridge, as well as Romanes lecturer at Oxford, 1896. He published works on the papacy, Queen Elizabeth, and Cardinal Wolsey, as well as sermons and lectures, and contributed to the Dictionary of national biography.
John Emerich Edward Dalberg Acton, 1st Baron Acton (1834-1902), was born in Naples on 10 January 1834, the son of Sir Ferdinand Richard Acton, 7th Baronet. He studied at the University of Munich under the church historian Ignaz von Dllinger. In 1859 he became Liberal MP for the Irish constituency of Carlow, and in 1869 was offered a peerage. During this time Acton acquired The Rambler and developed it as a liberal Catholic journal dedicated to discussing social, political and theological matters. He was engaged for many years in carrying out historical research on the continent. In 1895 he was appointed Regius Professor of Modern History at Cambridge University. He gave lectures on the French Revolution and Modern History, and was chiefly responsible for organising the Cambridge modern history. Acton died at Tegernsee on 19 June 1902.