Records of Lennox Castle Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland

Scope and Content

  • Patients book 1948
  • Reports book 1937-1944
  • Accident books 1931-1955
  • Licenses 1936-1940
  • Miscellaneous c1936
  • Photographs, interior and exterior of the building 1975

Administrative / Biographical History

The estate of Lennox Castle in Lennoxtown, 13 miles North of Glasgow, was bought by Glasgow Parish Council in  1927  to build a hospital for people with learning disabilities, and which was to be called  Lennox Castle Hospital. Patients then were known as mental defectives. The Hospital included the mansion house of Lennox Castle built in the 1840s. It was regarded as a model of forward thinking in its time in the care and treatment of people with learning disabilities. At its fullest the hospital housed over 1200 patients. In the 1960s questions were being asked about the role and effect of institutional care including Lennox Castle. In 1993, following the Care in the Community Act, patients began being discharged into the community and the hospital finally closed in April  2002 . As well as long stay patients, the longest recorded was there for 60 years, there were members of staff who worked a whole career in the hospital. An example of a long stay patient would be Jimmy Lappin, who was in the hospital between 1938 and 2000; an example of a long stay staff member would be Nurse Nan Douglas who worked in the hospital from 1930 to 1974.


The arrangement of this material reflects the original order in which it was received

Conditions Governing Access


Acquisition Information

Gift: Elderly Care Division, City of Glasgow District, Strathclyde Region, Social Work Department: 1992

Other Finding Aids

Item level list available via Heatherbank Museum of Social Work Web pages . Printed item level list also available.

Alternative Form Available

No known copies

Conditions Governing Use

Applications for permission to quote should be sent to the Museum Curator, Heatherbank Museum of Social Work.

Reproduction subject to usual conditions: educational use & condition of documents.

Appraisal Information

This material has been appraised in line with standard GB 1847 procedures

Custodial History

Held by Lennox Castle Hospital until 1922


None expected

Related Material

Finding aids for the Subject-based Ephemera Collection and a Resources Library, which holds supporting material and published literature, may both contain associated information and can be consulted via Heatherbank Museum of Social Work Web pages A subject-based Newspaper Cuttings Collection is also available for consultation.

Records of Stoneyetts Hospital, Glasgow: H/bank 6: Patients books 1914-1936; Magazines 1931.

Location of Originals

This material is original


Ritchie, A LThe Book of Lennox Castle1936 City & Counties Publishing Co

Additional Information

Fonds level description compiled by Compiled by Andrew Thomson, Hub Project Archivist, 21 June 2004. Administrative History compiled by Alastair Ramage, Museum Curator, Heatherbank Museum of Social Work.

Corporate Names

Geographical Names