National Archive for the History of Computing: English Electric Company Limited Collection

Archive Collection

Scope and Content


Administrative / Biographical History

English Electric Company Ltd was formed from the amalgamation of Dick Kerr, Pheonix Dynamo, and Coventry Ordnance Works Ltd. The company manufactured heavy electrical equipment, including water and steam turbines, generating sets, switchgear, transformers, and electrical equipment for electric and diesel-electric locomotives, ships, trams and trolley buses, industrial diesel engines and rolling mills. EEC became involved in the development of digital computers through contact with the Pilot ACE at the UK National Physical Laboratory. The first machine to be marketed was the DEUCE or Digital Electronic Universal Computing Engine. From 1955 this was superseded by DEUCE 2 and in 1957 by DEUCE 2A. Between 1955 and 1964 the company sold around 31 of these machines.

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open to any accredited reader.


Description compiled by Jo Klett, project archivist, with reference to S.H. Lavington, Early British Computers (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1980) pp. 74-75.