UNEMPLOYED WORKMEN ACT 1905 SPECIAL COMMITTEE

Scope and Content

The Unemployed Workmen Act, 1905 (5 Edw. VII c. 18) based on a voluntary scheme set up in London during the 1904 trade recession created a system of Distress Committees and Central Bodies in urban districts to investigate labour conditions, create labour exchanges and provide employment relief for the temporarily unemployed. County councils were required to create Special Committees to monitor the local employment situation. The Oxfordshire Committee met only twice - July and October 1906 - deciding on the second occasion that no further action was necessary. Superseded by the Labour Exchange Act, 1909 (9 Edw. VII c. 7), setting up a national system of labour exchanges, and part II of the National Insurance Act, 1911 which introduced unemployment insurance for the first time.

Subjects