Scope and Content

Account of discussions at Sevres, 22-25 October 1956, between French, Britishand Israeli ministers, concerning the Suez Crisis. Logan was AssistantPrivate Secretary to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Selwyn Lloyd,who represented Britain at the meeting.

Administrative / Biographical History

Sir Donald Logan b 1917

Logan entered Diplomatic Service in 1945. During the Suez crisis of 1956 hewas Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for ForeignAffairs, Selwyn Lloyd (1904 - 1978). He was later ambassador to Guinea 1960- 62, and to Bulgaria 1970 - 1973. Logan was also deputy permanentrepresentative to NATO 1973 - 1975, leader of the UK Delegation to theConference on Marine Living Resources of Antarctica 1978 - 1980, and directorof GB East Europe Centre 1980 - 1987. He was a governor of St Clare's CollegeOxford 1982 - 2000. From 1984 to 1993 he was chairman of the College's Boardof Governors.

Among further appointments Logan was director of the Jerusalem and EastMission Trust Ltd 1980 - 1996 (and chairman 1980 - 1993), and president ofthe Brompton Association 1997 to the present.

Suez Crisis 1956

On 26th July 1956, the Egyptian president, Gamal Abdel Nasser (1918 - 1970),nationalised the Suez Canal. The crisis was provoked by an American andBritish decision not to finance the construction of the Aswan Dam, as theyhad promised. Their refusal was a direct response to the growing ties betweenEgypt and Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union. Nasser reacted to the Americanand British decision by declaring martial law in the canal zone and seizingcontrol of the Suez Canal Company, predicting that the tolls collected wouldpay for the dam within five years. England and France feared that Nassermight close the canal and cut off shipments of petroleum between the PersianGulf and western Europe. When diplomatic efforts to settle the crisis failed,England and France, allying with Israel, secretly prepared military action toregain control of the canal and, if possible, to depose Nasser. On October29, 1956, Israeli Brigades invaded Egypt. England and France, following theirplan, demanded that Israeli and Egyptian troops withdraw from the canal, andthey announced that they would intervene to enforce a cease-fire ordered bythe United Nations. However, growing opposition at home and in the UN andSoviet threats of intervention, put an immediate stop to the Anglo-Frenchaction. On December 22 the UN evacuated British and French troops, andIsraeli forces withdrew in March 1957.


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Logan, Sir Donald

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