Notes; Correspondence; Lecture notes; Published books and pamphlets; Diagrams and glass slides. Many of the items are by or related to Patrick Geddes
Jaqueline Tyrwhitt Papers
- This material is held at
- ReferenceGB 249 T-TYR
- Dates of Creation1895-1971
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish
- Physical Description0.7 metre
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
Jaqueline Tyrwhitt (1905-1983) was a pioneer in the field of town planning. In an international career spanning sixty years, she practised as a landscape architect and town planner in addition to teaching and research, and contributed greatly to the professional associations in her field, particularly to the Congres Internationeaux d'Architecture Moderne. In later years she edited the international journal, 'Ekistics'. Tyrwhitt was born in South Africa but moved to London at an early age. Initially her career was in garden design and landscape architecture, with some social and economic planning projects. Following periods of study in London and Berlin, her interest in town planning intensified. She taught courses in London during and after World War II and embarked on a lecture tour of Canada and the USA in 1945. She took up posts at the New School of Social Research in New York in 1948, Yale University and Toronto in 1951 and Harvard in 1955. She was Associate Professor of Urban Design at Harvard University from 1958-1969 and acted as a United Nations consultant on housing and education programmes. With Constantin Doxiadis she founded the journal, 'Ekistics', in 1955 and moved permanently to Greece in 1969. Jaqueline Tyrwhitt stated that Sir Patrick Geddes was perhaps the most important formative influence on her career. In her teaching she emphasised the need for an interdisciplinary and an holistic approach to planning, the use of the region as a planning unit and the importance of social and economic factors. Geddes's use of 'thinking machines' and other diagrams made a particular impression on her. She was instrumental in bringing Geddes's town planning theories to a wider audience after his death in 1932. After Tyrwhitt's death, the Geddes-related items among her papers were gifted by her nephew, David Huws to the University of Strathclyde. Further information about Tyrwhitt's life and work may be found in C H Nagashima. M J Tyrwhitt: annotated curriculum vitae. Ekistics, No 314/315, 1985, pp 403-407.
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Archivist's note: Description prepared by Margaret Harrison, Web version by Graham S. Holton, Jordanhill LibraryRules or Conventions: Description based on Scottish Archive Network guidelines, based on ISAD(G): General International Standard Archival Description, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2000). and Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997)Date of descriptions: November 2007.