The collection comprises of material relating to the United States Mercantile voyage, 1853-1854, (Captain John J Heard) compiled by Heard and his wife.
John Heard collection
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- ReferenceGB 15 John Heard
- Dates of Creation1853
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish.
- Physical DescriptionExpedition material (2 volumes)
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
John J Heard was born in Boston in 1809. He went to sea as a cabin boy at the age of twelve, rising to the position of master in the merchant marine. He commanded many commercial voyages around the world for Robinson, Wiggin & Co. of Boston, who owned the bark Oriental, including the United States mercantile voyage, 1853-1854, from Boston to Melbourne. Although this voyage was essentially a commercial venture, its penetration into uncharted Antarctic waters resulted in the discovery on 25 November 1853 of Heard Island, which in a few years became a major centre of the United States sealing industry. After the voyage, Heard pressed the United States government for official recognition of his claim to the island but to no avail. He died in 1862.
The collection is arranged chronologically.
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Anyone wishing to consult material should ensure they note the entire MS reference and the name of the originator.
The term holograph is used when the item is wholly in the handwriting of the author. The term autograph is used when the author has signed the item.
Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to Americans in Antarctica 1775-1948 by Kenneth J. Bertrand, American Geographical Society New York (1971) SPRI Library Shelf (7)91(091) and Robert Keith Headland Antarctic Chronology, unpublished corrected revision of Chronological list of Antarctic expeditions and related historical events, (1 December 2001) Cambridge University Press (1989) ISBN 0521309034
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
Additional finding aids are available at the Institute.
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