Papers of Sir Arthur Newsholme

Scope and Content

Papers of Sir Arthur Newsholme comprising of articles, reports, publications, correspondence and notes on the following areas: tuberculosis with particular reference to compulsory notification; infectious and epidemic diseases; preventive medicine; public health, all aspects including 'social' and 'moral'; rheumatic fever; child health and welfare including morbidity and mortality; maternity and midwifery; phthisis; proprietary and patent medicines, dangerous drugs; statistics; scarlet fever; smallpox, and cancer. Also includes: Annual Reports of Local Government Boards; Milbank Memorial Fund; estate account and will.

Administrative / Biographical History

Born Haworth, Yorkshire, 10 Feb 1857; educated in Haworth and Keighley; entered St Thomas' Hospital, London, 1875; graduated MB, London, 1880; MD, London, 1881; resident at St Thomas and General Practitioner, Clapham, London; appointed part-time Medical Officer of Health (MOH) for the parish of Clapham, 1884; appointed MOH for Brighton, 1888; conducted research in epidemiology, particularly relating to tuberculosis, scarlet fever, and diphtheria; gave Milroy lectures at the Royal College of Physicians on `The Natural History and Affinities of Rheumatic Fever', 1895; FRCP London, 1898; President, Society of Medical Officers of Health, 1900-1901; appointed Principal Medical Officer, Local Government Board, 1908; served for ten years in this post dealing particularly with tuberculosis, maternity and child-welfare, and venereal diseases; served on Army Sanitary Committee with rank of Lt Col, Royal Army Medical Corps, 1914-1918; knighted, 1917; also Examiner in Public Health to the University of Cambridge, Examiner in State Medicine, University of London, Examiner in Preventive Medicine, University of Oxford, and Consulting Medical Officer Westminster and Battersea Training Colleges; served on General Medical Council, 1909-1919; retired 1919; Lecturer on Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 1920-1921; continued to write and lecture on public health, with visits to other countries, including the Soviet Union in 1933; died, Worthing, 17 May 1943. Publications: Hygiene (1884); School Hygiene (1887); The Elements of Vital Statistics (1889); `Vital Statistics of Peabody Buildings' Journal of the Statistical Society (1891); `The Alleged Increase of Cancer', with G. King (Proceedings of the Royal Society, 1893); Natural History and Affinities of Rheumatic Fever (Milroy Lecture, 1895); Epidemic Diphtheria: a Research on the Origin and Spread of the Disease from an International Standpoint (1898); The Prevention of Phthisis, with special reference to its Notification to the MOH (1899); `An Inquiry into the Principal Causes of the Reduction of the Death-Rate from Phthisis' Journal of Hygiene (1906); The Prevention of Tuberculosis (1908); The Brighton Life Tables, 1881-1890 and 1891-1923; The Ministry of Health (1925); Evolution of Preventive Medicine (1927); The Story of Modern Preventive Medicine (1929); International Studies on the Relation between the Private and Official Practice of Medicine (3 vols, 1931); Medicine and the State with J A Kingsbury (1932); American Addresses on Health and Insurance (1920); Red Medicine with J. A. Kingsbury (1934); Fifty Years in Public Health (1935); The Last Thirty Years in Public Health (1936).


Arranged into 8 series

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Compiled by Erika Gwynett and Robert Baxter as part of the RSLP AIM25 Project. Sources: Who's Who and Dictionary of National Biography. Revised by Victoria Killick, LSHTM Archivist, June 2004.

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