The collection comprises of material used by and created during the expedition.
Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition [Ross Sea Party] 1914-1917
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- ReferenceGB 15 Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition [Ross Sea Party] 1914-1917
- Dates of Creation1901-1917
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish.
- Physical DescriptionExpedition material (2 charts, 25 leaves, 8 volumes, 1 bundle)
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
This expedition was organised by Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton to meet the party from Endurance who were to sledge across the Antarctic from the Weddell Sea. After visiting Macquarie Island to provision the Commonwealth Meteorological Expedition the Aurora (Captain Mackintosh) sailed to Ross Island. When ice prevented the creation of a base at Cape Crozier the ship continued to Cape Evans where ten men became stranded when on 6 May 1915 Aurora was driven from her moorings in a blizzard. With minimal supplies and equipment the party laid depots towards the Beardmore Glacier for the expected Weddell Sea party. Three men including Captain Mackintosh died between March and May 1916. During the 1916 winter a party of four wintered at Cape Evans while a party of three were at Hut Point. Aurora (Captained by Stenhouse) drifted for ten months in the Ross Sea before returning to New Zealand. The seven survivors were rescued in January 1917.
Expedition members, Æneas Lionel Acton Mackintosh (Captain), Joseph Russell Stenhouse (Captain), Leslie James F Thompson (2nd officer), Alfred J Larkmas, (Chief Engineer), C A Donnelly (2nd Engineer), Alexander O Stevens (Chief Scientist), John Lachlan Cope (Biologist/Doctor), Andrew Keith Jack (Physicist and Meteorologist), Richard Walter Richards (Physicist), Irvine Oswald Gaze (Scientist), Reverend Arnold Patrick Spencer-Smith (Padre/Photographer), James Paton (Boatswain), Clarence Charles Mauger (Carpenter), Lionel George Alfred Hooke (Wireless operator), Aubrey Howard Ninnis (Motor engineer), Ernest Edward Miles Joyce (Dog handler/shore party leader), Victor George Hayward (Storekeeper/dog handler), E Wise (Cook), E D'anglade (Steward), Aitkin, A Downing, A Cavenagh, A Warren (Able Seamen), G Gliddan (Seaman), S Grady (Fireman), H Shaw (Fireman)
The collection is arranged chronologically.
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Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to Robert Keith Headland Antarctic Chronology, unpublished corrected revision of Chronological list of Antarctic expeditions and related historical events, (1 December 2001) Cambridge University Press (1989) ISBN 0521309034, South by Ernest Henry Shackleton, 1919 SPRI Library (7)91(08)[1907-1909]
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
Additional finding aids are available at the Institute.
Conditions Governing Use
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Further accessions possible.
South by Ernest Henry Shackleton recounts the expedition, copies are available at the Institutes Library (7)91(08)[1914-1917]