The collection comprises of correspondence by Phillips regarding the Arctic with particular mention of the search for the British Naval Northwest Passage Expedition, 1845-1848 (leader Sir John Franklin)
Charles Phillips collection
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- ReferenceGB 15 Charles Phillips
- Dates of Creation1849-1851
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish
- Physical DescriptionCorrespondence (8 leaves)
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
Charles Gerrans Phillips joined the Navy in 1820. He served as second lieutenant in HMS Terror on the British Naval Expedition, 1839-1843 (leader James Clark Ross), sailing in company with HMS Erebus to conduct a series of magnetic observations in the southern hemisphere and to locate and reach the South Magnetic Pole. Phillips was appointed second-in-command in the schooner Felix on the British Franklin Search Expedition, 1850-1851 (leader Sir John Ross), financed by Hudson's Bay Company and by public subscription to search for Franklin's missing expedition along the shores of Barrow Strait and Melville Sound. Between May and June 1851, Phillips attempted to lead a party northward across Cornwallis Island but was forced to turn back after he had reached 75° 29 minutes North. He served as an honorary member of the British Meteorological Society. He died in 1872.
The correspondence is arranged alphabetically by recipient
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Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to Arctic, exploration and development c500 BC to 1915, an encyclopaedia by Clive Holland Garland Publishing, London (1994) and Exploring Polar Frontiers, a historical encyclopaedia by William Mills San Diego and Oxford, 2003 and British polar exploration and research a historical and medallic record with biographies 1818-1999 by Lieutenant Colonel Neville W Poulsom and Rear Admiral John A L Myres, Savannah Publications London (2000) SPRI Library Shelf 737.2 and Royal meteorological Society [ requires Adobe Acrobat reader]
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
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