HAWARDEN ESTATE PAPERS

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

Deeds for Flintshire, 1786-1928; estate papers of Hawarden Castle, Hawarden Settled and Burton Manor estates, including rentals, 1817-1955, surveys, valuations and inventories, 1738-c. 1959, tenancy agreements, 1828-1939, rate books and assessments, 1829-c. 1911, accounts, 1699-1960, sale particulars and plans, 1830-1929, correspondence, 1843-1977, maps and plans, 1733-1970, papers relating to Flintshire turnpike roads, 1828-c.1839 and Hawarden and District Waterworks, 1882-1884; Hawarden Rectory tithe and other papers, 1817-1931; Oak Farm, co. Staffs and Farmcot, co. Salop estate papers, 1800-1874; mineral leases (coal, ironstone, fireclay) and industrial records for collieries and brickworks in Hawarden, 1830-1944, and collieries and ironworks in Staffordshire, 1836-1874; Leases for railways and tramways in Buckley and Hawarden parish, 1835-1912; election papers relating to Sir Stephen R. Glynne's candidature and other campaigns, 1831-57; Flintshire Yeomanry Cavalry muster rolls, parade reports and returns, 1831-7, 1873; General financial and legal papers, 1829-1924.

Administrative / Biographical History

The ancestry of the Glynnes of Hawarden can be traced back, through the Glynnes of Glynllifon, Caernarfonshire, to Cilmin Droed-ddu, the founder of the fourth noble tribe of Gwynedd. Sir John Glynne (1602-66), second son of Sir William Glynne of Glynllifon, who succeeded his brother Thomas to the Glynllifon estate, purchased the castle and manor of Hawarden, together with the estate in 1654. Like his brother he was a parliamentarian during the Civil War. He became recorder of London and afterwards Lord Chief Justice. He was succeeded by his son Sir William Glynne, bart (d. 1689), who had represented Caernarfonshire in Richard Cromwell's parliament. The estate and title thence passed to Sir William Glynne, 2nd bart (d. 1721), eldest son of Sir William Glynne; to his brother Sir Stephen Glynne, 3rd bart (d. 1729); and to his eldest son, Sir Stephen Glynne, 4th bart (d. 1729). He died soon afterwards and the title and estate passed to his brother, Sir William Glynne, 5th bart (1709-30), who died unmarried. He was succeeded by his brother, Sir John Glynne, 6th bart (1713-1777), who married Honora Conway, daughter and heiress of Henry Conway of Broadlane House, grand-daughter of Thomas Ravenscroft. This marriage doubled the size of the Hawarden estate. It was on the site of Broadlane House that Sir John built the residential castle of Hawarden in the early-mid 1750s, which was remodelled and extended in 1809. Sir John Glynne served as M.P. for Flintshire, 1741-1747, and for Flint boroughs, 1753-1777. He was succeeded by his third son, the Rev. Sir Stephen Richard Glynne, 7th bart (d. 1780), rector of Hawarden. On his marriage to Mary, daughter of Richard Bennett of Farmcot, Shropshire, in 1779 he inherited the Farmcot estate. His heir was Sir Stephen Richard Glynne, 8th Bart (1780-1815), who was only a month old when his father died. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Sir Stephen Richard Glynne, 9th bart (1807-1874). He served as Liberal M.P. for Flint, 1832-1837, and for Flintshire, 1837-1847. Iron was discovered on Sir Stephen's Shropshire lands which he exploited to the extent that he was involved for the sum of £250,000. He died without issue and the title therefore became extinct and the estate passed by arrangement to his nephew, William Henry Gladstone, eldest son of William Ewart Gladstone, who had married Catherine, daughter of Sir Stephen Richard Glynne, 8th bart. Sir Stephen's second son, the Rev. Henry Glynne (d. 1872), rector of Hawarden, married Lavinia, daughter of William Henry, 3rd Lord Lyttelton, while his second daughter, Mary, married George William, Lord Lyttelton. The estate, all of which was situated in Flintshire, measured 4,773 acres in 1873 and carried a rental of £12,636.

Arrangement

Arranged into the following: deeds; estate records; Hawarden rectory; Oak Farm (Staffs.) and Farmcot (Salop) estates; coal mining; railways and tramways; elections; Flintshire Yeomanry Cavalry; financial; legal; and miscellaneous.

Conditions Governing Access

Data Protection Act restrictions will apply to any items less than 100 years old that contain personal information as defined by the Act.

Acquisition Information

Deposited on loan by Sir William Gladstone.

Note

Please order documents using the alternative reference number (where provided).

Compiled by Mair James for the HMC/NLW Family and Estates project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940 (London, 1959); Griffith, John Edwards, Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families (Wrexham, 1998 reprint); Nicholas, Thomas, Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County families of Wales (London, 2 vols, 1872), vol. I; James, Brian, 'The Great Landowners of Wales in 1873', National Library of Wales Journal, XIV (1965-66); Whittaker, W. E. B., 'The Glynnes of Hawarden', Transactions of the Flintshire Historical Society, vol. IV (1906).

Other Finding Aids

Hard copies of the catalogue are available at the Flintshire Record Office and the National Register of Archives. Catalogue is searchable online at: http://calmview.flintshire.gov.uk/CalmView/

Archivist's Note

Compiled by Mair James for the HMC/NLW Family and Estates project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940 (London, 1959); Griffith, John Edwards, Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families (Wrexham, 1998 reprint); Nicholas, Thomas, Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County families of Wales (London, 2 vols, 1872), vol. I; James, Brian, 'The Great Landowners of Wales in 1873', National Library of Wales Journal, XIV (1965-66); Whittaker, W. E. B., 'The Glynnes of Hawarden', Transactions of the Flintshire Historical Society, vol. IV (1906).

Item level catalogue input by Beryl Hickman.

Conditions Governing Use

Usual copyright regulations apply.

Usual Copyright restrictions apply.

Hawarden Estate to be informed in cases of publication.

Appraisal Information

All records deposited at Flintshire Record Office have been retained.

Custodial History

The archive was amassed by the former solicitors of the Hawarden estate prior to its deposit at Flintshire Record Office.

Accruals

Accruals are possible.

Related Material

Further papers relating to the Glynne-Gladstone family are Flintshire Record Office, D/BJ, D/LJ; National Library of Wales, Glynne of Hawarden Estate Records; and Glynne-Gladstone MSS (St. Deiniol's Library, Hawarden).

Geographical Names