Crawford, British Antarctic Expedition

Scope and Content

  • MS 1367;D Narrative entitled 'That first Antarctic Winter. The story of the Southern Cross expedition of 1898-1900 as told in the diaries of Louis Charles Bernacchi' circa 1979 [Unpublished narrative of the expedition by his granddaughter. Including biographical information on Bernacchi] 386 leaves, typescript (carbon)

Administrative / Biographical History

The British Antarctic Expedition 1898-1900 (leader Carsten Egeberg Borchgrevink) visited the Balleny Islands and examined a large stretch of the Victoria Land coast making a landing at Cape Adare. A party of ten men became the second to winter south of the Antarctic Circle and the first to winter on the Antarctic mainland. When biologist Nicolai Hanson died there in 1899 he became the first to be buried on Antarctica. The expedition ship Southern Cross reached a furthest south of 78°21' South in 1900 during her second voyage having wintered in New Zealand. Newnes Glacier, Victoria Land was named by Borchgrevink for George Newnes (newspaper proprietor) who funded much of the expedition. Janet's grandfather Louis Charles Bernacchi served as meteorologist and magnetometry observer, during the expedition.

Related Material

See SPRI collections GB 015 Casten Egeberg Borchgrevink, GB 015 Louis Charles Bernacchi, GB 015 Axel Melby, GB 015 Sir Clements Markham and GB 015 George Newnes for additional archival material held by the Institute relating to the expedition.