William Frend: Correspondence

Scope and Content

Files of correspondence, including letters from the following people:

Rev. Francis Blackburne, father of Mrs. Frend, brother of Mrs. Lindsey, 3 letters.

Sir Frances Burdett, 1 note, typed by Miss Antrobus.

Edward Clark, geologist and traveller, 3 letters about Cambridge.

W. Cogan, mathematician, 1 letter about maths, 1824.

Miss M. Cooper, Stoke Newington, regarding local events, 1831.

T. Dalby, mathematician.

Rev. J. Disney, 1 letter about Frend's impending trial.

George Dyer, 1 letter to Henry Frend, with the gift of a book, [1820].

F. Davis, 1799, regarding Wakefield.

T. Edwards, 1 letter from Bruges, 11 Dec. 1789; 1 note from Sussex, 1802.

G. Evanson, 1 letter from Blakenham, 1793, about the trial.

George Frend, brother, 1 letter, 1779, from Portugal; 1 letter, 1799, from Canterbury, regarding politics.

Marianne Frend, George's wife, 1 letter from Canterbury, regarding business.

Mary Frend, sister, 3 letters, typed by Miss Antrobus, 1884-1885.

William Frend, 10 letters to Mary, 1784-1789; 2 letters to Frances, daughter; 1820-1831; 4 letters to Harriet, daughter; 1818-1831; and 6 letters to Sophia, daughter, 1820-1831.

R. Furness, New England, 26 March 1833.

R.E. Garnham, Bury St Edmunds, 4 letters, regarding Unitarian business and the trial.

Mary Graham, 4 letters about mathematics, 1827.

Duke of Grafton, 2 letters, 1808, regarding marriage; note, 1810.

John Hammond, Fenstanton, retired Unitarian turned farmer, 14 letters about personal life, politics and religion.

Samuel Hart, Jewish friend, Soho, 1 letter, 1831.

Busick Harwood, Cambridge, 1792.

Robert Hibbert, New Jersey, 25 Feb. 1839; 17 July 1835.

Geoffrey Higgins, anitquarian, Yorkshire, 1803, about Volunteers; 1808, 1818, 1827, 1831, and 1832, about family, travel, etc.

Charles Hutton, mathematician, 1791.

T. Jones, Bursar, Trinity College, Cambridge, 18 Dec. 1795; 13 Feb. 1800, regarding the election; 1802, regarding Herbert Marsh.

J. Lea, mathematician, 2 letters, 1808 and 1809.

Lambert, Trinity College, 29 Jan. 1808, offering congratulations on marriage; 7 Nov. 1808, regarding Lindsey's death.

Theophilus Lindsey, 26 letters, 1788-1801.

Mrs T. Lindsey, Mrs. Frend's half-sister, 12 letters, 1794-1803.

Mrs. T. Lockhart, Mrs. Frend's half-sister, 12 letters, 1794-1803.

B. Lockhart, mathematician, 7 Nov. 1827; others, 1827 and 1838, on maths.

Capel Lofft, reformer, 1807, on annuities and Opie.

Thomas Manning, friend of Charles Lamb, letter to Maseres, 1797; letter to Frend, 1825.

J. Mottley, 1 letter, 1832, about Spring tides.

Mrs. Marsh, wife of the Bishop of Peterborough, 19 Jan. 1813, regarding politics and personal matters.

T. Newton, 1801, regarding maths.

Joseph Priestley, letter about translations, 11 Aug. 1790.

Whitaker de Rambouillet, Paris, 1826, regarding Protestant priests.

Richard Reynolds and Mrs. Paxton, 36 letters, 1790-1812.

G. Sproughton Rogers, 14 Sep. 1792.

Rev. Matthew Robinson, Lord Rokeby, 4 letters regarding the trial, 1793.

James Six, scientist, and James Six, jr., letters, 1782, 1783, 1786, and 1789.

J. Sims, mathematician, 4 letters, regarding maths.

Richard Tylden, school friend, 3 letters, 1774, 1776 and 1806.

Robert Tyrwhitt, Hebrew scholar, 1799, '96, 1805, and 1806.

Felix Vaughan, lawyer, 2 letters from France, 19 July 1790 and 6 Dec. 1790.

G. Williams, M.P., 10 August 1830.

Miss E. West, Oxford, March 1821.

R. Wright, unitarian missionary, 1822.

J. Wilson, mathematician, Trowbridge, regarding maths.

Administrative / Biographical History

William Frend (1757-1841) was born on 22 Nov. 1757 at Canterbury. He was educated at the King's School in Canterbury until 1771, before becoming a a minor pensioner at Christ's College, Cambridge, in 1775 (B.A., 1780). He transferred to Jesus College in 1780, and became a fellow in 1781. In 1780 he became a deacon, and in 1783 he was presented to the living of Madingley, near Cambridge. Frend was converted to unitarianism during 1787, and in 1793 provoked controversy by writing a tract entitled 'Peace and Union recommended to the Associated Bodies of Republicans and Anti-republicans', in which he attacked parts of the liturgy of the Church of England. Although he was banished from the university as a consequence, he remained a member of his college and of the university senate. Frend moved to London, carried out teaching and writing, and helped to establish the Rock Life Assurance Company. He died on 21 Feb. 1841.

Access Information

Open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.

Acquisition Information

MS.Add.7886 was presented by Miss Philothea Thompson, 1971; MS.Add.7887 was presented by Miss Joan Antrobus, 1971.


Description compiled by Robert Steiner, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives. The biographical history was compiled with reference to the entry on Frend in Sidney Lee, ed., Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. XII, pp. 694-696 (London, 1908).

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Additional Manuscripts Catalogue.

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