Walthamstow and Madagascar: Malagasy Refugees

Scope and Content

Correspondence between Hardyman and Joseph Brightman, 1937-1939; Hardyman's notes and articles including some by Hardyman in Walthamstow Guardian, Mpanolotsaina, Evangelical Magazine and Missionary Chronicle, Missionary Repository for Youth, News from Afar, and Waltham Forest Gazette.

Administrative / Biographical History

Relates to Malagasy Refugees to Britain (1838-1941) [African peoples in England] as a result of the persecution of Christians in Madagascar: Names of 'the 6 Malagasy refugees' [four men and two women] include : Rafaravary, Razafy, Rasoamaka, Andrianisa, Ratsarahomba, Andrianomanana. They attended the British and Foreign school in Walthamstow for two and a half years, with most later departing for Mauritius. Rasoamaka and Ratsarahomba learnt to use the printing press and printed rare publications such as: a sermon 'The Way of Salvation' by Rev JJ Freeman; and a long letter from the 6 refugees to their persecuted friends in Madagascar. A Malagasy woman 'Rafaravary' spoke in Bristol and her address led to a special memorial tablet being erected in honour of the six Malagasy Christians at the 'Marsh-street' congregational church. Rafaravary died and was buried in Walthamstow.

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Related Material

SOAS publication: (Shelfmark: CWML G288) "A narrative of the persecution of the Christians in Madagascar: with details of the escape of the six Christian refugees now in England / by J.J. Freeman and D. Johns, formerly missionaries in the island".