`Coloured' Radical Political Movements (South Africa) publications, journals etc.

Scope and Content

The collection includes copies of The Educational Journal (TLSA); The Torch (NEUM); The Citizen; pamphlets on the Anti-CAD movement (1958), Bantu Education; the AAC's involvement in the Pondoland Rebellion; elections for `Coloured Representatives' (1958); and the Pan-Africanist Congress anti-pass campaign in Cape Town (1960). There is also a copy of the NEUM/Anti-CAD/AAC Declaration of Unity of 1943.

Administrative / Biographical History

Most of the documents in this group were produced by various affiliates of the All-African Convention, a federal organisation. Although it retained some black following, especially in the Transkei, the AAC became increasingly dominated by those constituent organisations which drew the bulk of their membership from the `coloured' population of the Western Cape, all of which included a high proportion of intellectual workers, especially teachers, in their membership. These groups included the Non-European Unity Movement (NEUM), the AntiColoured Affairs Department (Anti-CAD) group and later the African People's Democratic Union of South Africa. Their policy and strategy were chiefly based on boycott of any existing political institutions. Their inflexibility tended to lead to political inactivity; but in their theoretical output they provided a constant flow of criticism of the African National Congress and, frequently, substantial political analysis. Eventually they were banned in the early 1960's, but many of the ideas of the AAC affiliates were still reflected in the publications of the Teachers League of South Africa. The Unity movement and its allies are often called Trotskyist to distinguish their approach from that of the more orthodox South African left. Another group represented here was the Citizen Group, which was composed of disenchanted NEUM and ANC members in Cape Town; after it had existed for two years as a discussion circle most of its members joined the Liberal Party of South Africa.

Conditions Governing Access



Originally published by Access to Archives - A2A. The data in this finding aid is in the copyright of the place of deposit.

Geographical Names