Mulock, British National Antarctic Expedition

Scope and Content

  • MS 366/4/1;BJ Journal, 6 December 1902 to 24 January 1903 [Kept on board Morning] 1 volume, holograph
  • MS 366/4/2-3;BJ Survey notebook and work book, 6 October to 13 December 1903 [Kept during the southwest sledge journey, leader Michael Barne] 2 volumes, holograph
  • MS 366/4/4;BJ Survey notebook, 19 November to 2 March 1904 [Observations made, Discovery winter quarters, during a coastal survey of Victoria Land from new harbour to Cape Adare] 1 volume, holograph
  • MS 366/4/5;BJ Notebook of survey observations and topographical sketches, 9 to 26 January 1903 [Cape Adare and other places in Victoria Land] 1 volume, holograph

Administrative / Biographical History

The British National Antarctic Expedition, 1901-1904 (leader Robert Falcon Scott) undertook the first extensive exploration on land in Antarctica. Funding came from the Government, the Royal Society, the Royal Geographical Society and private donations. The expedition set up base at McMurdo Sound from where sledging parties carried out recognisance and scientific programmes. Scott made the fist balloon ascent on the continent in 1902. A three-man sledge party consisting of Scott, Ernest Shackleton and Edward Wilson achieved a furthest south of 82°17'S on 30 December 1902. The expedition ship, Discovery, commissioned and built especially for the expedition was beset in McMurdo Sound from 1902-1904.

Two relief expeditions were mounted to the expedition, the first 1902-1903 was organised by the Royal Geographical Society. The steam yacht Morning Captained by William Colbeck provisioned Discovery and returned to England with some of the expedition members, Mulock remained behind in the Antarctic as a replacement.



Related Material

See SPRI collection Sir Charles William Rawson Royds for (MS 366/7;BJ Copy by Mulock of log and observations, 10 November to 10 December 1903 [South eastern sledge journey])

The Scott Polar Research Institute holds a number of photographs, film and other illustrative material in the Picture Library, some of which covers this expedition. The catalogue can be searched on line by going to the Picture Library Database and selecting the Enter Polar Pictures link.

The Institute holds over seventy archival collections containing material on this expedition, see GB 015 British National Antarctic Expedition, 1901-1904 for more information.

Geographical Names