George Mulock collection

Scope and Content

The collection comprises of material relating to the British National Antarctic Expedition, 1901-1904 (leader Robert Falcon Scott) covering Mulock's voyage on the Morning and his transference to the Discovery for the final season. The second part of the collection comprises of correspondence by Mulock written after the return of the expedition.

Administrative / Biographical History

George Francis Arthur Mulock was born in 1882. He was educated at Stanmore Park and Dartmouth and qualified in marine surveying while serving on HMS Triton. In 1902, he joined the British National Antarctic Expedition, 1901-1904 (leader Robert Falcon Scott), initially as sub-lieutenant on board the relief ship Morning, but in 1903 taking the place of Ernest Henry Shackleton in the shore party. In November 1903, he accompanied Barne on a ten-week southern journey to Barne Glacier.

On the return of the expedition, he was lent by the Admiralty to the Royal Geographical Society for the compilation of the survey. His results were published by the Society in 1908 as The charts of the Discovery expedition.

During the First World War, Mulock served with distinction in the Gallipoli campaign with the Royal Navy. Retiring in 1920, he joined the Asiatic Petroleum Company in Shanghai as Marine Superintendent. He saw further naval service in the Second World War. He died in Gibraltar on 26 December 1963.


The collection is split into two sub-fonds. The first comprising of expedition papers, the second sub-fond covers Mulock's correspondence.

Access Information

By appointment.

Some materials deposited at the Institute are NOT owned by the Institute. In such cases the archivist will advise about any requirements imposed by the owner. These may include seeking permission to read, extended closure, or other specific conditions.


Anyone wishing to consult material should ensure they note the entire MS reference and the name of the originator.

The term holograph is used when the item is wholly in the handwriting of the author. The term autograph is used when the author signs the item.

Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to The Polar Record, (May 1964) volume 12 number 77 p230 and Robert Keith Headland Antarctic Chronology, unpublished corrected revision of Chronological list of Antarctic expeditions and related historical events, (1 December 2001) Cambridge University Press (1989) ISBN 0521309034 and Encyclopaedia of Antarctica and the Southern Oceans ed. Bernard Stonehouse, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester (2002) ISBN 0471986658 SPRI Library (7)

Other Finding Aids

Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing, New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.

Additional finding aids are available at the Institute.

Conditions Governing Use

Copying material by photography, electrostat, or scanning device by readers is prohibited. The Institute may be able to provide copies of some documents on request for lodgement in publicly available repositories. This is subject to conservation requirements, copyright law, and payment of fees.

Copyright restrictions apply to most material. The copyright may lie outside the Institute and, if so, it is necessary for the reader to seek appropriate permission to consult, copy, or publish any such material. (The Institute does not seek this permission on behalf of readers). Written permission to publish material subject to the Institute's copyright must be obtained from the Director. Details of conditions and fees may be had from the Archivist.


Further accessions possible.