Andrew Stone collection

Scope and Content

The collection comprises of material relating to the United States Zoological Expedition, 1897-1899 (led by Stone) to the Canadian Arctic and Alaska

Administrative / Biographical History

Andrew Jackson Stone was born circa 1859. He was appointed leader of the United States Zoological Expedition, 1897-1899, organized by the American Museum of Natural History to collect mammal and bird specimens in north-western North America. He began his work in British Columbia in 1897, travelling north the following year. In spring 1898, he travelled down Liard River to Fort Simpson, visiting the Nahanni Mountains on the way, before descending Mackenzie River to Fort Norman, from where he visited the Rocky Mountains with Indians to collect specimens of mountain sheep. Continuing north to Peel River, he visited Fort McPherson, from where, in October, he again visited the Rocky Mountains. In November, he travelled to the Mackenzie delta and along the coast to Herschel Island, later returning to Fort McPherson in December. From March to May 1899, he travelled east along the Arctic coast from the Mackenzie delta to Cape Lyon. In July, he set off down Porcupine River into Alaska, later following the Yukon River down to the sea, and ended his work at St Michael. Stone obtained data on the range and ecology of wood bison, musk-oxen, caribou, and bighorn sheep, and collected many specimens. He also corrected the maps of the coast between the Mackenzie and Cape Lyon, and made anthropological observations.


The collection is arranged chronologically

Access Information

By appointment.

Some materials deposited at the Institute are NOT owned by the Institute. In such cases the archivist will advise about any requirements imposed by the owner. These may include seeking permission to read, extended closure, or other specific conditions.


Anyone wishing to consult material should ensure they note the entire MS reference and the name of the originator.

The term holograph is used when the item is wholly in the handwriting of the author. The term autograph is used when the author has signed the item.

Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to Arctic, exploration and development c500 BC to 1915, an encyclopaedia by Clive Holland, Garland Publishing, London (1994) and Exploring Polar Frontiers, a historical encyclopaedia by William Mills, San Diego and Oxford, 2003

Other Finding Aids

Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.

Additional finding aids are available at the Institute.

Conditions Governing Use

Copying material by photography, electrostat, or scanning device by readers is prohibited. The Institute may be able to provide copies of some documents on request for lodgement in publicly available repositories. This is subject to conservation requirements, copyright law, and payment of fees.

Copyright restrictions apply to most material. The copyright may lie outside the Institute and, if so, it is necessary for the reader to seek appropriate permission to consult, copy, or publish any such material. (The Institute does not seek this permission on behalf of readers). Written permission to publish material subject to the Institute's copyright must be obtained from the Director. Details of conditions and fees may be had from the Archivist.


Further accessions possible