Draft account of arrest and imprisonment in Holloway 1

  • This material is held at
  • Reference
      GB 106 7KGG/1/4
  • Dates of Creation
      c. 1913
  • Physical Description
      1 folder

Scope and Content

Continuous draft manuscript account of Gliddon's imprisonment, re-written from her original prison diaries, in ink, on sheets of paper, paginated, dated 5 Mar 1913. The manuscript contains annotations, corrections and notes about facts to be checked, in two different handwritings. The manuscript is divided into chapters. Some parts of the text are repeated at different points in the manuscript. It is illustrated in a couple of places with simple ink drawings. Several annotations refer to paragraphs in 'the Daily Herald article' - possibly 'A True Incident', a press cutting held in Gliddon's scrapbook (see 7KGG/4/1)

The narrative is punctuated by commentary on events and on the women's movement in general. There are numerous passages describing Gliddon's devotion to Mrs Pankhurst, describing sightings of her in the exercise yard, and her treatment in Holloway.

Summary of entries:

* 4 Mar: account of how Gliddon and Diana Boyle were sent to smash the windows of the Post Office in Welbeck Street, were arrested and taken to Marylebone Police Station, then searched and put into cells before being released on bail, Charles Mansell-Moullin having acted as surety for them and for four other women arrested (pp 1-9); their appearance at the Magistrates' Court the following day, at which they received a two month prison sentence, with hard labour (pp 10-13); transport to Holloway in a Black Maria, and their arrival at the prison (pp 17-20); description of her cell in E wing and formalities for new prisoners (pp 20-26).

* 6-7 March: description of waking up, breakfast, food, exercise times, communicating with other prisoners, prison routine, Matron; a doctor visits her in her cell (p 38); first visit to chapel (pp 39-44); rumours and counter-rumours about Mrs Pankhurst, and Christabel Pankhurst's whereabouts.

* 9 Mar: restrictions for those sentenced to hard labour (p 49); notes for a fuller account of her time in Holloway (pp 21-22); has occasional views of Mrs Pankhurst.

* 11 Mar: from her window sees 'ordinary' prisoners, both on remand and convicted, in the yard (pp 60-61), Mabel Tuke and another suffragette (pp 62-63).

* 12 Mar: describes being in the yard with Louisa Garrett Anderson and Ethel Smyth, the former 'running hard playing twos and threes under the shadow of the great prison wall' (p 65); activities in the exercise yard (p 66).

* 17 Mar: long description of a visit to chapel, and the arrangements for keeping prisoners separate, including suffragettes from E and Dx wings (pp 84-87).

* 18 Mar: dancing in the basement instead of exercise when it was raining (p 90). * 19 Mar: Mrs Pankhurst and Ethel Smyth move into the E wing (p 95).

* 20 Mar: detailed descriptions of the 'ordinary prisoners' in chapel, as subjects of paintings (pp 98-100).

* 23 Mar: restrictions on 'hard labour' prisoners having their own books, the prison library, and books she has read (p 114).

* 24 Mar: Mrs Pankhurst plays rounders in the prison garden (p 121); male suffragists sentenced to six months' hard labour, not in the First Division (p 122). * 28 Mar: worries about Mrs Pankhurst's trial (p 124); thinks what is happening at the Albert Hall meeting, taking place this evening, at the same time as the Second Reading of the Conciliation Bill (pp 125-126).

* 30 Mar, first section: thoughts on prostitution inspired by the 'ordinary prisoners' (7 pages, starting at p 130) [NB - the entry for 30 March has been rearranged, so that the page numbers are no longer sequential.]

* 2 Apr: mention of 'an American girl' sentenced to two months hard labour who had not broken a window, but was arrested for standing with two women who had (p 147).

* 3 Apr: sports day (p 149); the injustice of Dr Ethel Smyth's sentence (p 150); the unexpected departure of Dr Louisa Garrett Anderson (pp 152-3).

* 6 Apr: sports prize-giving (p 156).

* 8 Apr: quarrel between two cleaners (pp 160-161); Leslie Lawless released - her illness in Holloway (p 162).

* 10 Apr: visiting magistrates (p 168).

* 13 Apr: Dr Frances Ede and other prisoners at Aylesbury being forcibly fed, and an account of Home Office's practice of forcibly feeding hunger-strikers (pp 173-6).

* 15-18 Apr: hunger strikes in E wing at Holloway, the effect on the other prisoners, and the condition of various women refusing food (pp 178-187).

* 19 Apr: the hunger strike ends (7 pp, not numbered). 22 Apr: her first outside visitors, bringing news 'the first I had heard of the wreck of the Titanic' (pp 184-6).

* 25 Apr: Gliddon's release (pp 192-3).

* Other material included with the manuscript account: a printed WSPU pamphlet 'Mrs Pankhurst's Treatment in Prison: A Statement by Dr Ethel Smyth', dated Apr 1912 (inserted between pp 33 and 34); press cutting from The Standard, 1912, about a forcible feeding protest meeting at the Pavilion Theatre and statements in the House of Commons on the treatment of suffragists in prison (inserted between pp 148 and 149); six sheets of writing paper, some of them embossed with the address 'Berry Grove, West Lyss, Hants' with detailed criticisms on the text, written by an unidentified hand, in red ink.

Physical Characteristics and/or Technical Requirements

Fragile - Please handle with care