Small collection of Reverend James B. Craven's personal papers, compiled in the course of research for his various publications. Contents include list of persons who have joined the Roman Church from Scotland in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, 1915; notes on the Episcopalian Church in Caithness, c 1880 - 1890; notes on the Book of the Archdeacons of Orkney, c 1900; 20th century transcript of petition to Queen Anne by Episcopalian gentry in Banff; notebook containing Thoughts and Observations relating to the Ruthvens, Earls of Gowrie, their esoteric studies and alleged conspiracies, c 1919; notes on the Rosie Cross in Scotia, c 1900; and notebook containing Recollections and Collections in connection with the parish of Newhills, Aberdeenshire, 1922.
Papers of Reverend James B. Craven, Archdeacon of Orkney
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- ReferenceGB 231 MS 2150-2156
- Dates of Creationc 1880 - 1922
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish.
- Physical Description7 volumes (cubic capacity) No physical characteristics affecting use of collection
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
James B. Craven, son of the Reverend J.E. Craven, Free Church minister, was born in Aberdeen in 1850. He took the Arts course at Aberdeen University, 1861 - 1863, attended Law classes there from 1866 -1869, and received an Honorary DD degree in 1908. He was ordained to the Scottish Episcopalian Church in 1875, and subsequently appointed Rector of St Olaf's, Kirkwall, 1876 - 1914, Provincial Grand Master Depute of Caithness, Orkney and Zetland, 1904 - 1914, Archdeacon of Orkney, 1912 - 1914. He retired in 1914, owing to his increasing ill health and died at Kirkwall on 17 April 1924.
Throughout his life, Craven pursued his interest in and developed an expert knowledge of ecclesiastical history and biography. His extensive research in this area culminated in several important publications, most notably, his series on the history of the Scottish Episcopal Church, which was published over a period of 40 years. Titles in the series include: History of the Episcopal Church in Orkney, 1688 - 1882 (Kirkwall, 1883, 1912); History of the Church in Orkney from the Introduction of Christianity to 1688, 3 vols (Kirkwall, 1893 - 1901); History of the Episcopal Church in Moray (London, 1889); History of the Episcopal Church in Caithness (Kirkwall, 1908); and Records of the Dioceses of Argyll and the Isles 1560-1860 (Kirkwall, 1907). Other published works include his Journals of the Episcopal Visitations of Bishop Robert Forbes (London, 1923?); Esoteric Studies of Bishop Leighton (Selkirk, 1918); Scots Worthies, 1560 - 1688 (Edinburgh, 1894); Family of Cravie or Craven in Scotland (Kirkwall, 1910); Family of Arnot (Kirkwall, 1913); Count Michael Maier (Kirkwall, 1910); and Dr Robert Fludd (Kirkwall, 1902). Further details of publications are given in Who Was Who, 1916 - 1928, 242; David M. Bertie, Scottish Episcopal Clergy, 1689 - 2000 (Edinburgh: Clarke, 2000); and in his obituary in Aberdeen University Review 11 (1923 - 1924), 284.
Annotated copies of many of his books, including several still in manuscript form, were bequeathed to the University after his death. However, his most valuable contribution to the University was his gift, in 1914, of the important Kirkwall Bibliotheck, an early public library comprising over 500 volumes, which was established by William Baikie of Holland, Stronsay, in 1684.
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Presented to the University in 1951, by Mrs Fyfe.
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Very brief collection level description available on Aberdeen University Library Catalogue, accessible online http://www.abdn.ac.uk/diss/library/
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