John Gauden: Preparatory Thoughts

Scope and Content

'Preparatory thoughts', 52 folios. There is a dedication at p. ix to [Anne], Lady Rich, 10 April 1638. On p. vii is the title page, with a dial in the centre, and the date 'May 10 1640'. On pp. iii, v, vii, ix and 87: 'Emma Fitch' or 'Emma Fitch, York'.

Administrative / Biographical History

John Gauden (1605-1662) was born at Mayland, Essex. He went to school in Bury St Edmunds, and entered St John's College, Cambridge, in 1619 (B.A., 1623; M.A., 1626). In 1630 he became a tutor in Oxford, and that year joined Wadham College (B.D., 1635; D.D., 1641). Gauden was appointed vicar of Chippenham and chaplain to Robert Rich, Earl of Warwick, in 1640, and became dean of Bocking in 1641. He was bishop of Exeter, 1660-1662, and became bishop of Worcester in 1662. During the Commonwealth Gauden wrote in defence of the church of England and attacked the army, but he was not removed from his benefices. He died on 20 September 1662.

Access Information

Open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.

Acquisition Information

Purchased 1913.


Description compiled by Robert Steiner, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives. The biographical history was compiled with reference to the entry on Gauden in Leslie Stephen and Sidney Lee, eds, Dictionary of national biography, Vol. VII (London, 1908), pp. 948-951.

Other Finding Aids

Additional Manuscripts Catalogue.

Custodial History

The volume belonged to Lady Fitch (d. 1909), and passed to her niece, Miss M. Pickton.


'Preparatory thoughts' was subsequently enlarged and printed in several editions under the title The whole duty of a communicant (10th ed., London, 1707).