Occupation of Mashonaland photographs

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

Photographs; Biographical information about W Ellerton Fry; Press cutting concerning the unveiling of a memorial to the Pioneer Column in Providential Pass

Summary of records

Administrative / Biographical History

Cecil Rhodes, then Prime Minister of South Africa, recruited a Pioneer Column of 200 men to push north from South Africa and occupy Mashonaland (renamed Rhodesia, the present day Zimbabwe). The Pioneer Column undertook a 423 mile trek with ox wagons from the Macloutsie River in Northern Bechuanaland to the high veld, Matabeleland and Fort Salisbury, Mashonaland, through Providential Pass. Captain Frederick Selous, the great hunter, served as guide and Intelligence Officer to the Pioneers, and Lt William Ellerton Fry was Chief of the Survey Department and Official Photographer to the Expedition. Fry published an album of his photographs of the Occupation of Mashonaland in 1891. As well as documenting the progress of the trek, the photographs record contact of the Pioneer Column with the local African population. In later life Fry was a surveyor, diamond prospector and farmer in Rhodesia and South Africa.

Conditions Governing Access



Accession 813.

Other Finding Aids

Catalogued online; contents list to item level

Physical Characteristics and/or Technical Requirements

Reproductions of photographs made c 1977, with negatives

Archivist's Note

Archivist's note: Description prepared by Margaret Harrison.Rules or Conventions: Description based on Scottish Archive Network guidelines, based on ISAD(G): General International Standard Archival Description, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2000). and Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997)Date of descriptions: May 2008

Related Material

W Ellerton Fry Collection in Cape Town University Library