- MS 1067;IL Record, May 1847 [Left at King William Island] 1 sheet, printed with notes
Gore, British Naval Northwest Passage Expedition, 1845-1848
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- ReferenceGB 15 Graham Gore/British Naval Northwest Passage Expedition, 1845-1848
- Dates of CreationMay 1847
- Name of Creator
- Physical DescriptionRecord
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Administrative / Biographical History
The British Naval Northwest Passage Expedition, 1845-1848 (leader Sir John Franklin) was to search for a Northwest Passage in the unexplored region southwest of Barrow Strait. Sailing from London in May 1845 HMS Erebus (Franklin) and HMS Terror (Crozier) were last seen heading for Lancaster Sound by two whalers in northern Baffin Bay in late July 1845. After that, the expedition disappeared and Europeans never again saw its members alive. During the course of many search expeditions the main facts regarding the route taken and final fate of the expedition were established.
The two vessels had become beset north of King William Island, where they spent two winters between September 1846 and April 1848. Franklin died on 11 June 1847 and the command devolved on Francis Crozier. Abandoning the two vessels on 22 April 1848, 105 survivors led by Crozier set out toward Back River. All perished during the journey.
By discovering a channel of communication between known points in Barrow Strait and on the north coast, Franklin's men had effectively discovered a Northwest Passage.
The record was found in 1859 by W R Hobson of the British Franklin Search Expedition, 1857-1859 (leader Sir Francis Leopold McClintock). This was the first of only two records left by Franklin's expedition that were eventually recovered. It records briefly the expedition's wintering at Beechey Island and reports 'all well'