Records of the National Coal Board (NCB) and the British Coal Corporation, South Wales Area. Records are arranged by the creating department, with records concerning a variety of subjects found across the different series, such as colliery planning and development schemes, capital expenditure, colliery closures, strikes and industrial relations (particularly material on the 1984/1985 Miners’ Strike), industrial disease, accidents, compensation, NCB property, public relations (including colliery profile leaflets and press statements), accounts, welfare (including plans of pithead baths), the Aberfan disaster and Tribunal, tip control (including a set of tip plans) and opencast operations. Within the Mining Department papers there are plans showing underground workings across the south Wales coalfield and at individual collieries. Other plans within the collection include those relating to machinery and engineering.
There is a substantial photographic print and negative collection which includes images of collieries across the south Wales coalfield. The collection includes (but is not limited to) images of individual collieries (above and below ground), disasters, strikes, royal visits, groups of workmen, general studies of ‘valley life’, colliery horses, coal face work, pithead baths, medical centres, people, machinery, buildings, ancillary works, scientific equipment, exhibitions and staff training.
Records created at individual collieries also feature within the collection and include accident and compensation registers, pay books, rent books and a horse purchase book. Some of this material was in use by pre-vesting colliery companies and continued by the NCB.
Alongside records created by the NCB, the collection includes pre-vesting date records kept by the NCB. This material comprises records relating to coal mining and associated industries before nationalisation. This series includes (but is not limited to) papers of The Monmouthshire and South Wales Coal Owners' Association (including a set of press digests covering the period immediately before the nationalisation of the coal industry), a set of newspaper cutting volumes and terms of settlement papers.
The NCB also deposited the pre-nationalisation records of individual colliery companies. See the related collections field for a list of these collections.